Show ContentsHawkwood History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Anglo-Saxon name Hawkwood comes from the family having resided in Sussex where the name literally means "the wood frequented by hawks." [1]

Early Origins of the Hawkwood family

The surname Hawkwood was first found in Sussex where the family name was first referenced in the year 1230 when John Hackwude held estates in that county. Over one hundred years later, John de Haukwode was listed in the Feet of Fines of 1343 and John de Hawkwod was listed in the Assize Rolls of Essex in 1351. [2]

Sir John Hawkwood (c. 1320-1394) was an English mercenary or condottiere active in 14th century Italy. He was the "second son of Gilbert de Hawkwood of Hedingham Sibil, Hinckford, Essex, a tanner, was born in that place early in the fourteenth century. Gilbert de Hawkwood was a man of substance and gentle blood, the family having held land at Hedingham Sibil since the reign of John. He is also said to have been impressed for the French wars, and to have served as an archer in the army of Edward III." [3]

Early History of the Hawkwood family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hawkwood research. Another 70 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1394, 1455 and 1487 are included under the topic Early Hawkwood History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hawkwood Spelling Variations

Hawkwood has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Spelling variants included: Hackwood, Hakewood, Hawkwood, Haykwood, Hakwood, Ackwood, Akwood, Hackward and many more.

Early Notables of the Hawkwood family

More information is included under the topic Early Hawkwood Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

United States Hawkwood migration to the United States +

In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Hawkwoods to arrive on North American shores:

Hawkwood Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Fra Hawkwood, who landed in Virginia in 1650 [4]
Hawkwood Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Isabella Hawkwood, aged 50, who landed in America, in 1902
  • Isal Hawkwood, aged 54, who settled in America from Glasgow, Scotland, in 1908

  1. Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  4. Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8) on Facebook