The name Hawking has a rich and ancient history. It is an Anglo-Saxon
name that was originally derived from the Old English personal name Hafoc,
which continued to be in use until the 13th century. The surname Hawking was originally derived from the form Havec
and the addition of the diminutive suffix -in,
which forms Havek-in.
The name Hawking has also been popularly regarded as a pet form of the personal name Henry.
Early Origins of the Hawking family
The surname Hawking was first found in Kent
at Hawkinge or Hackynge, a parish in the union of Elham, hundred
of Folkestone which dates back to at least 1204 when it was listed as Hauekinge and literally meant "place frequented by hawks" or "place of a man called Hafoc", derived from the Old English personal name
"hafac" + ing. CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
The present town and civil parish is almost 1 mile (1.3km) east of the original village and is best known as the home of RAF Hawkinge, the closest operational airfield to France and was used extensively during the Battle of Britain in World War II. "Part of the lands and tithes [of East Wickham, Kent] were given by the famous admiral, Sir John Hawkins, in the reign of Elizabeth, to the hospital for distressed mariners founded by him at Chatham, to which they still belong." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
"The Hawkinses of The Gaer, co. Monmouth, and those of Cantlowes, co. Middlesex, claim a local
origin from the parish of Hawking, near Folkestone, in Kent
, of which Osbert de Hawking was possessor temp.
Henry II. The family removed to Nash Court in the parish of Boughtonunder-Bleane in the same county, and there remained until the year 1800. " CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Early History of the Hawking family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hawking research.Another 119 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1532, 1595, 1588, 1611, 1659, 1628, 1681 and are included under the topic Early Hawking History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Hawking Spelling Variations
Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations
of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, French and other languages became incorporated into English through the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Hawking include Hawkins, Hawkin, Haykins, Haykin and others.
Early Notables of the Hawking family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include Sir John Hawkins (1532-1595), English admiral, slave trader, leader of the Sea Dogs, who was knighted after he commanded the "Victory" in the defeat of the Spanish Armada (1588); John Hawkins (born c... Another 38 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hawking Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Hawking family to Ireland
Some of the Hawking family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 66 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Hawking family to the New World and Oceana
A great wave of immigration to the New World was the result of the enormous political and religious disarray that struck England
at that time. Families left for the New World in extremely large numbers. The long journey was the end of many immigrants and many more arrived sick and starving. Still, those who made it were rewarded with an opportunity far greater than they had known at home in England
. These emigrant families went on to make significant contributions to these emerging colonies in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers carried this name or one of its variants:
Hawking Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- William Hawking, who landed in Virginia in 1666 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
Hawking Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- Ernest Hawking, aged 18, who landed in America from Ellbridge, England, in 1909
- Francis Wm. Hawking, aged 28, who settled in America from Dawlish, England, in 1911
- George Hawking, aged 29, who landed in America, in 1918
- H. Hawking, aged 35, who settled in America, in 1920
- R. S. Hawking, aged 37, who emigrated to the United States, in 1922
Hawking Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
- George Hawking, aged 27, who settled in Quebec, Canada, in 1916
Hawking Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Charles Hawking, aged 30, a farm labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Wairoa" in 1877
- Mr. Charles Hawking, (b. 1847), aged 30, Cornish farm labourer departing on 7th July 1877 aboard the ship "Wairoa" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 19th October 1877 CITATION[CLOSE]
Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Wellington 1872-1880 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_nz_wellington.pdf
Contemporary Notables of the name Hawking (post 1700)
- Stephen William Hawking CH, CBE, FRS, FRSA (1942-2018), British theoretical physicist, recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom and co-winner of the 1988 Wolf Prize in Physics; he battled ALS for 55 years
- Lucy Hawking FRSA (b. 1969), English journalist and novelist
- Fred Hawking (b. 1909), Australian rules footballer
- Simon Hawking (b. 1973), former Australian rules footballer
The Hawking Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Toujours pret
Motto Translation: Always ready.