Hargreaves History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Hargreaves name has descended through the generations from the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture. Their name comes from having lived in Hargrave, a place-name found in the counties of Cheshire, Northamptonshire, and Suffolk. There is also a Hargrave Hall in Cheshire. The place-name is derived from the Old English elements har, which meant "hare" or "on the border," and graf or græfe, which meant "grove." The place-name as a whole meant "grove filled with rabbits" or "grove on a border." [1]

Alternatively, the name could have been derived from a Saxon occupation, as "the provider or commissary of an army, from Here or Har, an army, and grave, a steward or disposer." [2]

"Hargreaves is an old Lancashire name. It is also common in the West Riding, particularly in the Leeds district. There are two Cheshire hamlets called Hargrave." [3]

Early Origins of the Hargreaves family

The surname Hargreaves was first found in Cheshire at Hargrave, which dates back to the Domesday Book of 1086 where it was listed as Haregrave. The Domesday Book also lists Haragrauna in Suffolk and Haregrave in Northamptonshire. [4]

The first record of the family was Geoffrey de Haregrave who was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Derbyshire in 1188. [5] A few years later, in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273, John de Haregrave was listed as holding lands in Buckinghamshire at that time.

Later again, in East Cheshire in 1296, two records were found: William de Haregreve; and Richard de Haregreve. "The Hargreaves of Lancashire probably spring from Hargrave, Cheshire." [6]

The Subsidy Rolls of Lancashire listed Henry de Hargreve in 1332. [5] This latter source notes that Hargreave Hall was located in Cheshire, but we can find no record of it today.

Early History of the Hargreaves family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hargreaves research. Another 91 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1286, 1332, 1486, 1499, 1541, 1529, 1690, 1741 and 1739 are included under the topic Early Hargreaves History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hargreaves Spelling Variations

Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Hargreaves has undergone many spelling variations, including Hargrove, Hargreave, Hargreaves, Hargrave, Hargroves and many more.

Early Notables of the Hargreaves family (pre 1700)

Another 38 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hargreaves Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Hargreaves migration to the United States +

To escape the unstable social climate in England of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Hargreaves were among those contributors:

Hargreaves Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Thomas Hargreaves, who settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1765
Hargreaves Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • James Hargreaves, who arrived in New York in 1842 [7]
  • Samuel Hargreaves, who landed in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1866 [7]

Australia Hargreaves migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Hargreaves Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • John Hargreaves, English convict from Essex, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on February 22, 1834, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [8]
  • Samuel Hargreaves, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Fairfield" in 1840 [9]
  • Mr. William Hargreaves, English convict who was convicted in Salford, Manchester, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Barossa" on 27th August 1841, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [10]
  • William Hargreaves, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Anson" on September 23, 1843, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [11]
  • Miss Ann Hargreaves who was convicted in Bradford, Yorkshire, England for 7 years , transported aboard the "Aurora" on 22nd April 1851, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [12]

New Zealand Hargreaves migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Hargreaves Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Miss Hargreaves, British settler travelling from London, UK aboard the ship "Bolton" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 30th April 1840 [13]
  • Mr. Hargreaves, British settler travelling from London, UK aboard the ship "Bolton" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 30th April 1840 [13]
  • Eliza Hargreaves, aged 17, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
  • Winter Hargreaves, aged 9, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
  • Edward Allen Hargreaves, who landed in Christchurch, New Zealand in 1840
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Hargreaves (post 1700) +

  • Brigadier-General John Morris Hargreaves (1901-1959), American Air Surgeon, Air Defense Command (1951-1952) [14]
  • Everett G. Hargreaves, American fighter pilot and flying ace in the U.S. Navy, during World War II, credited with 8½ aerial victories
  • Thomas Hargreaves (1775-1846), English miniature-painter, born at Liverpool in 1775, the son of Henry Hargreaves, a woollen-draper [15]
  • James Hargreaves (1720-1778), English weaver and inventor of the spinning-jenny, probably a native of Blackburn [15]
  • Joseph Kenneth "Ken" Hargreaves MBE, KSG (1939-2012), English Conservative Member of Parliament for the Hyndburn constituency, Lancashire (1983 and 1992)
  • William H Hargreaves, English medical researcher and educator
  • Bryn Hargreaves (b. 1985), English rugby league player
  • Owen Hargreaves (b. 1981), English professional footballer
  • James Hargreaves (1834-1915), English chemist and inventor
  • Mr. Mark Geoffrey Hargreaves M.V.O., British former Head Coachman for the Royal Mews was appointed Member of the Royal Victorian Order on 17th June 2017
  • ... (Another 6 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)


The Hargreaves Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Vincit amor patria
Motto Translation: My beloved country will conquer.


  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. ^ Arthur, William , An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. London: 1857. Print
  3. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  4. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  5. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  6. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  7. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  8. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1834 with 230 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1834
  9. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) FAIRFIELD 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840Fairfield.htm
  10. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 24th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/barossa
  11. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Anson voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1843 with 499 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/anson/1843
  12. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 20th August 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/aurora
  13. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  14. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2013, February 12) John Hargreaves. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Hargreaves/John_Morris/USA.html
  15. ^ Wikisource contributors. "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900." Wikisource . Wikisource , 4 Jun. 2018. Web. 30 June 2020


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