Hardy History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Originally, Hardy was a nickname for a brave person. This surname is a nickname, which belongs to the category of hereditary surnames. Nicknames form a broad and miscellaneous class of surnames, and can refer directly or indirectly to one's personality, physical attributes, mannerisms, or even their habits of dress. The surname Hardy comes from the Old French and Old English word hardi, which means brave. [1]

Another source claims that the name was originally Norman as the Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae lists Roger, Hunfrid, Robert and Nicholas Hardi in Normandy, 1180-1195. [2]

Early Origins of the Hardy family

The surname Hardy was first found in Lanarkshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Lannraig) a former county in the central Strathclyde region of Scotland, now divided into the Council Areas of North Lanarkshire, South Lanarkshire, and the City of Glasgow.

"The home county of the MacHardies is the Highlands of Aberdeenshire and the immediate neighborhood north and south, but with some few unimportant exceptions they did not own land on Deeside. They were, however, numerous and influential. The Strathdon branch counted themselves of the Clan Chattan and followed Macintosh as their chief. Dr. Macbain suggested that the name came from Pictish Gartnaigh, pronounced Gratney, a well-known name of old in Mar. (There was an earl of Mar called Gartney or Gratney about 1300.) He thinks it was developed to MacCardney or MacCarday, and ultimately before 1587 to MacHardy." [3]

Further to the south in England, the root of the name was more often than not found. The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed Thomas Hardi (with no place of origin) and later, Thomas Hardy was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379. [4]

"We learn from the Hundred Rolls that six centuries ago, Hardi or Hardy was also an east country name, occurring then in the counties of Norfolk, Beds, Cambridge, Hunts, etc. " [5]

Over in Ireland, "the ubiquitous English surname Hardy in Ireland often conceals an ancient Gaelic Irish name MacGiolla Deacair. Deacair is the Irish word for hard. The early Anglicized form of this name was Macgilledogher. This is now obsolete and in the absence of a reliable pedigree, or at least of a well established family tradition, it is not possible to distinguish between Hardys of English and Hardys of Irish origin. " [6]

The famous English novelist and poet Thomas Hardy (1840-1928), hailed from Stinsford, Dorset, England where his father Thomas Hardy (1811-1892) worked as a stonemason and local builder.

Early History of the Hardy family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hardy research. Another 259 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1560, 1633, 1676, 1696, 1505, 1529, 1519, 1566, 1633, 1643, 1586, 1613, 1643, 1618, 1670, 1618, 1636, 1691, 1666, 1732, 1606, 1667, 1682, 1666, 1680, 1744, 1666, 1732, 1651, 1705, 1606, 1667, 1797 and are included under the topic Early Hardy History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hardy Spelling Variations

Spelling variations were extremely common in medieval names, since scribes from that era recorded names according to sound rather than a standard set of rules. Hardy has appeared in various documents spelled Hardy, Hardie, Hardey, MacHardy and others.

Early Notables of the Hardy family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family at this time was Nathaniel Hardy (1618-1670), Dean of Rochester, son of Anthony Hardy of London, born in the Old Bailey, 14 Sept. 1618, and was baptised in the church of St. Martin's, Ludgate. [7] Samuel Hardy (1636-1691), English nonconformist minister, born at Frampton, Dorsetshire. [7] Sir Thomas Hardy (1666-1732), English vice-admiral, grandson of John Le Hardy (1606-1667), solicitor-general of Jersey, son of John Le...
Another 66 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hardy Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hardy World Ranking

In the United States, the name Hardy is the 310th most popular surname with an estimated 87,045 people with that name. [8] However, in Canada, the name Hardy is ranked the 403rd most popular surname with an estimated 11,571 people with that name. [9] And in Quebec, Canada, the name Hardy is the 555th popular surname. [10] France ranks Hardy as 335th with 11,990 people. [11] Australia ranks Hardy as 301st with 11,829 people. [12] New Zealand ranks Hardy as 516th with 1,337 people. [13] The United Kingdom ranks Hardy as 228th with 25,584 people. [14]

Ireland Migration of the Hardy family to Ireland

Some of the Hardy family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 110 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Hardy migration to the United States +

Descendents of Dalriadan-Scottish families still populate many communities across North America. They are particularly common in Canada, since many went north as United Empire Loyalists at the time of the American War of Independence. Much later, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the highland games and Clan societies that now dot North America sprang up, allowing many Scots to recover their lost national heritage. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America bore the name Hardy, or a variant listed above:

Hardy Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Mary Hardy, who landed in America in 1620 [15]
  • John Hardy, who settled in Salem in 1630
  • Nicholas Hardy, who landed in Maryland in 1633 [15]
  • Richard Hardy, who landed in New England in 1639 [15]
  • Thomas Hardy, who settled in Virginia in 1642
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hardy Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Marie Hardy, who arrived in Louisiana in 1719 [15]
  • Henrietta Hardy, aged 9, who arrived in Louisiana in 1797 [15]
Hardy Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Hugh Hardy, who arrived in America in 1801 [15]
  • Thomas Hardy, who arrived in America in 1804 [15]
  • David Hardy, who landed in America in 1811 [15]
  • George Hardy, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1816 [15]
  • Charles Hardy, aged 29, who landed in Alexandria, Va in 1816 [15]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Hardy migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Hardy Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
  • Pierre Hardy, who landed in Montreal in 1653
  • Jean Hardy, who married Marie Pairé in Pte-aux-Trembles, Quebec in 1669
Hardy Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Michel Hardy, who married Marie-Judith Monet in Laprairie, Quebec in 1722
  • Jean-Baptiste-Louis Hardy, who married Marie-Madeleine Bertrand in Cap-Santé, Quebec in 1736
  • Josiah Hardy, who landed in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • Joseph Hardy, who married Agathe Bellemare in Yamachiche, Quebec in 1759
  • Aaron Hardy, who landed in Anapolis (Annapolis), Nova Scotia in 1760
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hardy Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Morris Hardy, who arrived in Canada in 1841
  • Mr. Michael Hardy, aged 40 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Lord Ashburton" departing 13th September 1847 from Liverpool, England; the ship arrived on 1st November 1847 but he died on board [16]
Hardy Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
  • Joseph Hardy, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1907

Australia Hardy migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Hardy Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. John Hardy, Irish convict who was convicted in Armagh, Ireland for life, transported aboard the "Atlas" on 29th November 1801, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [17]
  • Mr. George Hardy, English convict who was convicted in Derby, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Dromedary" on 11th September 1819, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [18]
  • Mr. William Hardy, (b. 1803), aged 16, English shepherd who was convicted in Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England for life for stealing, transported aboard the "Dromedary" on 11th September 1819, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land), he died in 1836 [18]
  • Mr. John Hardy, British Convict who was convicted in London, England for life , transported aboard the "Commodore Hayes" in April 1823, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [19]
  • Mr. Philip Hardy, British Convict who was convicted in Lancaster, Lancashire, England for life , transported aboard the "Commodore Hayes" in April 1823, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land), he may have been executed in 1824 [19]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Hardy migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Hardy Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. John Hardy, British settler, as the 2nd Detachment of New Zealand Corps of Royal New Zealand Fencibles travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Minerva" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 8th October 1847 [20]
  • Mr. Hardy, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Rajah" arriving in Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 6th October 1853 [21]
  • Mr. Hardy, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Dunedin" arriving in Dunedin, South Island, New Zealand on 23rd January 1856 [20]
  • Mrs. Hardy, British settler travelling from London with 4 sons aboard the ship "Dunedin" arriving in Dunedin, South Island, New Zealand on 23rd January 1856 [20]
  • Miss Hardy, British settler travelling from London with sister aboard the ship "Dunedin" arriving in Dunedin, South Island, New Zealand on 23rd January 1856 [20]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

West Indies Hardy migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [22]
Hardy Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • Mr. Robert Hardy, (b. 1617), aged 18, British settler travelling from London, England aboard the ship "Alexander" arriving in Barbados in 1635 [23]

Contemporary Notables of the name Hardy (post 1700) +

  • Thomas Hardy (1840-1928), English novelist, short story writer, and poet of the naturalist movement
  • Carroll William Hardy (1933-2020), American National Football League player who played from 1958 to 1967
  • Brigadier-General Rosswell Eric Hardy (1893-1961), American Deputy Chief of St. Louis Ordnance District (1941-1942) [24]
  • Brigadier-General David P. Hardy (1890-1957), American Deputy Commanding General XXXVI Corps (1945-1946) [25]
  • Oliver Hardy (1892-1957), American actor and larger half of the Laurel & Hardy team
  • Joseph Hardy (b. 1929), American Tony Award-winning stage director, film director, television producer, and occasional performer
  • Alexander Hardy (1847-1927), American Representative from Indiana
  • Paul Jude Hardy (b. 1942), American lawyer and state government official, Baton Rouge, LA
  • Thomas Hardy (1752-1832), Scottish early Radical and the founder and first Secretary of the London Corresponding Society in 1792
  • Mr. Henry Hardy, British sheriff, held the joint position of Sheriff of Nottingham, England from 1686 to 1687
  • ... (Another 23 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Hood
  • Mr. Henry F M Hardy (b. 1916), English Cook (S) serving for the Royal Navy from Brighton, Sussex, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [26]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Frederick L Hardy, British Leading Cook, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [27]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Henry Hardy (b. 1920), English Marine from Reddish, Lancashire, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [28]
RMS Lusitania
  • Miss Elsie Hardy, American 2nd Class passenger from Montclair, New Jersey, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [29]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. John T. Hardy, aged 37, English Chief 2nd Class Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking by escaping in callopsable D [30]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Charles L. Hardy, American Private working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [31]
Winter Quarters coal mine
  • Mr. Eddo Hardy, American mine worker residing in Scofield, Utah who worked in the Winter Quarters coal mine on 1st May 1900, when 10 of the 25lb kegs of black powder exploded; he died in the explosion [32]


Suggested Readings for the name Hardy +

  • An American Family and Its Ancestors Predecessors: Back to Adam through Early American Immigrants of British Extraction According to Past and Present Records by Vivian Higgins Morse.
  • The Eastern North Carolina Hardy-Hardee Family in the South and Southwest by David Lydall Hardee.

  1. ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  3. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  4. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  5. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  6. ^ MacLysaght, Edward, Supplement to Irish Families. Baltimore: Genealogical Book Company, 1964. Print.
  7. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  8. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  9. ^ https://forebears.io/surnames/
  10. ^ https://statistique.quebec.ca/fr/document/noms-de-famille-au-quebec/tableau/les-1-000-premiers-noms-de-famille-selon-le-rang-quebec
  11. ^ http://www.journaldesfemmes.com/nom-de-famille/nom/
  12. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
  13. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  14. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  15. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  16. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 79)
  17. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 14th July 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/atlas
  18. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 16th July 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/dromedary
  19. ^ Convict Records of Australia (Retrieved 4th March 2021, retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/commodore-hayes)
  20. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  21. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  22. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  23. ^ Pilgrim Ship Lists Early 1600's retrieved 28th September 2021. (Retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  24. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, March 9) Rosswell Hardy. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Hardy/Rosswell_Eric/USA.html
  25. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, March 9) David Hardy. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Hardy/David_P./USA.html
  26. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  27. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  28. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  29. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  30. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  31. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
  32. ^ Miners killed in Winter Quarters (retrieved 28th July 2021). Retrieved from http://www.carbon-utgenweb.com/miners.html


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