Hambro History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancient history of the Hambro name begins with the ancient Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the family resided in the parish of Hanbury in the county of Oxford. [1]

Henry de Hambury (fl. 1330), was an early English judge, the a son of Geoffrey de Hambury of Hambury or Hanbury in Worcestershire. [2]

Early Origins of the Hambro family

The surname Hambro was first found in Oxfordshire and Gloucestershire, where evidence suggests they held a family seat before the Norman Conquest. Hambrook is a village and hamlet in the parish of Winterbourne, South Gloucestershire. Whereras, Handbrough is a parish, in the union of Witney, hundred of Wootton in the county of Oxford. Both villages have remained small through the ages. Hambrook had about 600 inhabitants and Handbrough (Hanborough) had about 1,000 inhabitants as of a census in the late 1800s. The latter villages dates back to at least the Domesday Book where it was listed as Haneberge [3] and literally meant "hill of a man called Hagena or Hana" derived from the Old English personal name + beorg. Hambrook also dates back to the Domesday Book where it was listed as Hanbroc. [3] In this case, the village literally meant "brook by the stone" from the Old English han + broc. [4]

Early History of the Hambro family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hambro research. Another 153 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1086, 1273, 1273 and 1330 are included under the topic Early Hambro History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hambro Spelling Variations

Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Hambro include Hambro, Hambrow, Hambury, Hamborough, Hamboro and others.

Early Notables of the Hambro family (pre 1700)

Another 43 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hambro Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Hambro family to Ireland

Some of the Hambro family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Hambro migration to the United States +

Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Hambro or a variant listed above:

Hambro Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Peter Hambro, who settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1750

Contemporary Notables of the name Hambro (post 1700) +

  • Major Jocelyn Olaf Hambro (1919-1994), English merchant banker, horsebreeder and philanthropist, Chairman of Hambros Bank from 1965 to 1972
  • Sir Everard Alexander Hambro KCVO (1842-1925), British banker and philanthropist
  • Sir Charles Eric Hambro KBE (1872-1947), British merchant banker and Conservative Party politician
  • Charles Joseph Theophilus Hambro (1834-1891), British Conservative Party politician, born in Copenhagen, Denmark but was a British Subject
  • Baron Carl Joachim Hambro (1807-1877), Danish banker, founder of Hambros Bank, one of the United Kingdom's largest investment banks
  • Rupert Nicholas Hambro CBE (1943-2021), British heir, banker, businessman and philanthropist, son of Jocelyn Olaf Hambro


The Hambro Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Honestum utili praefero
Motto Translation: I prefer honesty to profit.


  1. ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  3. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  4. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)


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