Hadley History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Hadley is a name whose history is connected to the ancient Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the Hadley family once lived in Hadleigh or Hadley, a place-name found in numerous locations in England. The root of these names is common, however; they are all derived from the Old English roots hæth and leah, which taken together mean "forest clearing where the heather grows." [1]

Early Origins of the Hadley family

The surname Hadley was first found in Essex at Hadleigh, a parish, in the union and hundred of Rochford. [2]

Over in Suffolk, Hadleigh was a market-town and parish, in the union and hundred of Cosford. "This town, which was probably founded during the heptarchy, about which period a monastery is said to have been established by one of the Saxon kings, was called by the Anglo-Saxons Headlege, whence it derived its modern name. Some of the kings of East Anglia were interred here; as also was Guthrum, or Gormo, a Danish chief, who submitted to Alfred the Great, and renounced paganism after the defeat of the Danes at the battle of Ethandune, now Eddington, in the county of Wilts: a tomb is still shown in the church as the monument of Guthrum (who died in 889)" [2]

"In Essex and Suffolk I find two parishes of Hadleigh, and in Middlesex a parish Hadley." [3] Another source notes: "Hædleáh in an Anglo-Saxon will of the 10th century." [4]

The first record of the family was indeed found in Suffolk. Matilda de Hadlega was listed there in the Pipe Rolls of 1194. Warin de Hadlai was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Yorkshire in 1212 and John Hadley was listed in the Feet of Fines for Essex in 1390. [5]

Early History of the Hadley family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hadley research. Another 67 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1194, 1379, 1685, 1768, 1682, 1744, 1730 and 1691 are included under the topic Early Hadley History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hadley Spelling Variations

Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Hadley family name include Hadley, Hadleigh and others.

Early Notables of the Hadley family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include George Hadley (1685-1768), an English lawyer and amateur meteorologist, epoymn of the Hadley cell and The Met Office Hadley Centre for Climate Change John Hadley (1682-1744), was an English mathematician, inventor of the octant and precursor to the sextant around...
Another 47 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hadley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Hadley migration to the United States +

For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland, Canada, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Hadley surname or a spelling variation of the name include:

Hadley Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • George Hadley, who settled in Salem Massachusetts in 1630
  • Jobn Hadley, who landed in Virginia in 1684 [6]
Hadley Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Ambrose Hadley, who arrived in Virginia in 1701 [6]
  • John Hadley, who arrived in Virginia in 1703 [6]
  • Margaret Hadley, who arrived in Virginia in 1713 [6]
  • Martha Hadley, who arrived in Maryland in 1736
  • David and John Hadley, who settled in Virginia in 1772
Hadley Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • E Hadley, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851 [6]
  • T Hadley, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851 [6]
  • Mrs. R. Hadley, who arrived in San Francisco with her child in 1860
  • Joseph Hadley, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1876 [6]

Canada Hadley migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Hadley Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Sam Hadley, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
Hadley Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • William Hadley, who landed in Canada in 1833

Australia Hadley migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Hadley Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Joseph Hadley, English convict who was convicted in Warwick, Warwickshire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Aurora" on 18th June 1835, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [7]

New Zealand Hadley migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Hadley Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Ada Hadley, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Abernyte" in 1876
  • Percy Hadley, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Abernyte" in 1876

Contemporary Notables of the name Hadley (post 1700) +

  • William Flavius Lester Hadley (1847-1901), American politician, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois (1895-1897)
  • William Allen Hadley (1860-1941), American academic, founder of the Hadley School for the Blind in Winnetka, Illinois
  • William Moore "Bill" Hadley (1917-1992), American academic, early proponent of the middle school movement in the United States
  • Jackson Hadley (1815-1867), American Democratic politician and businessman
  • Herbert Spencer Hadley (1872-1927), American lawyer and politician, 32nd Governor of Missouri (1909-1913), 24th Attorney General of Missouri (1905-1909)
  • Mary Alice Hadley, American potter, founder of Hadley Pottery, an American-based pottery and stoneware company in 1939
  • Stephen John Hadley (b. 1947), U.S. Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs (1989-1993), Deputy National Security Advisor (2001-2005), 21st National Security Advisor (2005-2009)
  • Arthur Twining Hadley (1856-1930), American economist and academic, 13th President of Yale University (1899-1921)
  • Jerry Hadley (1952-2007), American three-time Grammy award operatic tenor
  • Henry Kimball Hadley (1871-1937), American composer and conductor
  • ... (Another 10 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Hood
  • Mr. Alan E Hadley (b. 1923), Canadian Ordinary Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Montreal, Canada, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [8]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. James Bruce Douglas Hadley (1919-1942), English Leading Seaman from Brownhills Green, Coventry, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking, also sailed aboard the HMS Li Wo, died in 1942 [9]


Suggested Readings for the name Hadley +

  • 1580 A History of American Descendants of George Hadley, Reynolds Parish, Suffolk Shire, England, and Leo George Hadley, Sr., St. Louis, Missouri by Willis Dean Hadley Sr., Our New England Hadley Family and Allied Families by Elsie Eggleston Kempton.

  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. ^ Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
  5. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 20th August 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/aurora
  8. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  9. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html


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