Grove History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The origins of the Grove name lie with England's ancient Anglo-Saxon culture. It comes from when the family lived in or near a grove of trees. The surname is derived from the Old English word graua, the root of the modern word "grove," which described a small cluster of trees. [1]

Early Origins of the Grove family

The surname Grove was first found in Somerset where the following were all listed 1, Edward III (during the first year of King Edward III's reign): Hawysa atte Grove; Stephen atte Grove; and Thomas atte Grove. [2]

John de la Grove was listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Worcestershire in 1275; Robert ate Groue in the Assize Rolls for Kent in 1317; and William Grove was listed in the Subsidy Rolls for Derbyshire in 1327. [3]

The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 listed Willelmus del Grove. [1]

Early History of the Grove family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Grove research. Another 67 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1119, 1609, 1692, 1654, 1659, 1660, 1634, 1696, 1691, 1696, 1684, 1738, 1684, 1587, 1587, 1634, 1696, 1634, 1635 and are included under the topic Early Grove History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Grove Spelling Variations

Before the last few hundred years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Grove were recorded, including Grove, Groves, Le Grove and others.

Early Notables of the Grove family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: Thomas Grove (ca. 1609-1692), from Ferne House in Wiltshire, an English politician, Member of Parliament for Wiltshire in 1654, Marlborough in 1659 and Shaftesbury in 1660; and Robert Grove (1634-1696), from London, Bishop of Chichester (1691-1696.) Henry Grove (1684-1738), was a dissenting tutor, "born at Taunton, Somersetshire, on 4 Jan. 1684. His grandfather was the ejected vicar of Pinhoe, Devonshire, whose son, a Taunton upholsterer, married a sister of John Rowe, ejected from a lectureship at Westminster Abbey; Henry...
Another 86 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Grove Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Grove Ranking

In the United States, the name Grove is the 1,516th most popular surname with an estimated 19,896 people with that name. [4]

Ireland Migration of the Grove family to Ireland

Some of the Grove family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Grove migration to the United States +

To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Grove family emigrate to North America:

Grove Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Richard Grove in Virginia in 1623
  • Inane Grove, who landed in Virginia in 1639 [5]
  • Dorothy Grove, who landed in Maryland in 1649-1662 [5]
  • Alexander Grove, who landed in Maryland in 1655 [5]
  • Alice Grove, who arrived in Maryland in 1656 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Grove Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Tho Grove, who landed in Virginia in 1719 [5]
  • Albrake Grove, aged 18, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1737 [5]
  • Frantz Grove, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1748 [5]
  • Franz Grove, who arrived in Philadelphia Pennsylvania in 1748 [5]
  • Johannes Frans Grove, aged 54, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1748 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Grove Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Henry D Grove, who arrived in New York in 1831 [5]
  • Samuel Grove, who arrived in New York in 1837 [5]
  • William Grove, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1872 [5]

Canada Grove migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Grove Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Abraham Grove, who landed in Canada in 1831

Australia Grove migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Grove Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. James Grove, (b. 1769), aged 34, British convict who was convicted in Warwick, Warwickshire, England for 14 years for forgery, transported aboard the "Calcutta" in February 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, he died in 1810 [6]
  • Mr. Edmund Grove, British Convict who was convicted in London, England for life, transported aboard the "Countess of Harcourt" on 8th April 1821, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [7]
  • Charity Grove, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cromwell" in 1849 [8]
  • Jessy Grove, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cromwell" in 1849 [8]
  • Maria Grove, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cromwell" in 1849 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Grove migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Grove Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • James Grove, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alfred The Great" in 1859
  • George Grove, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Zealandia" in 1874
  • Harriet Grove, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Zealandia" in 1874
  • Mr. Edward Grove, (b. 1834), aged 40, English shoe maker from Buckinghamshire travelling from London aboard the ship "Tweed" arriving in Port Chalmers, Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 4th September 1874 [9]
  • Mrs. F. Susannah Grove, (b. 1834), aged 40, English settler from Buckinghamshire travelling from London aboard the ship "Tweed" arriving in Port Chalmers, Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 4th September 1874 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

West Indies Grove migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [10]
Grove Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • William Grove in St. Christopher (Saint Kitts) in 1635
  • Daniel Grove who settled in Barbados in 1690

Contemporary Notables of the name Grove (post 1700) +

  • Brandon Hambright Grove Jr. (1929-2016), American diplomat, United States Ambassador to the German Democratic Republic and Zaire (1984-1987)
  • Andrew Stephen Grove (1936-2016), Hungarian-American businessman, Chairman and CEO of Intel Corporation
  • Richard Dean "Dick" Grove (1927-1998), American musician, composer, arranger
  • David C. Grove (b. 1935), American anthropologist, archaeologist and academic
  • Edwin Wiley Grove (1850-1927), American self-made millionaire most famous for his "Grove's Tasteless Chill Tonic", released in 1878, built Grove Park Inn, Asheville, North Carolina
  • Robert Moses "Lefty" Grove (1900-1975), American Major League Baseball pitcher
  • John L. Grove (1921-2003), American inventor and industrialist
  • Bob Grove, American journalist
  • Betty Ann Grove, American actress
  • Lindsay W. Grove, American fighter pilot and flying ace in the U.S. Army Air Forces, during World War II, credited with 5 aerial victories
  • ... (Another 5 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Cornwall
  • Geoffrey Maurice Edward Grove, British Lieutenant Commander Deputy Chief Officer aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he survived the sinking [11]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Jack B Grove, British Petty Officer Steward, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [12]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Ronald C. Grove, British Telegraphist with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [13]


The Grove Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Ny dessux ny dessoux
Motto Translation: Neither above nor beneath.


Suggested Readings for the name Grove +

  • A Backward Glance by Jane Parker McManus.
  • Land of the Tamarack: Up-North Wisconsin by Theodore Francis Groves.

  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Dickinson, F.H., Kirby's Quest for Somerset of 16th of Edward the 3rd London: Harrison and Sons, Printers in Ordinary to Her Majesty, St, Martin's Lane, 1889. Print.
  3. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  4. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  5. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  6. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/calcutta
  7. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 24th March 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/countess-of-harcourt
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CROMWELL 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Cromwell.htm
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  11. ^ Force Z Survivors Crew List HMS Cornwall (Retrieved 2018, February 13th) - Retrieved from https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listcornwallcrew.html#A
  12. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  13. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html


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