The name Giss reached English shores for the first time with the ancestors of the Giss family as they migrated following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Giss family lived in Gloucestershire
. The name, however, refers to the district of Guise
in France, where the family was resident prior to the Norman Conquest
in 1066. Aspley Guise is a village and civil parish located in central Bedfordshire.
Early Origins of the Giss family
The surname Giss was first found in Gloucestershire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor of Elmore in that shire, and were descended from Sir William Gyse who attended Duke William in his Conquest of England
at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D. It is believed that Sir William first held the manor of Highnam from Gloucester Abbey but by the later marriage of Anselm Gyse to Magotta de Burgh (Burke,) daughter of the Earl of Kent
, he acquired the Lordship of both Highnam and Elmore in Gloucestershire.
Early History of the Giss family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Giss research.Another 253 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1450, 1632, 1705, 1731, 1629, 1621, 1624, 1644, 1724, 1653, 1683, 1617, 1670, 1654, 1695, 1678, 1732, 1701, 1769 and are included under the topic Early Giss History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Giss Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations
. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Gyse, Guise, Guys, Guy, Gysse, Gyss, Gise, Gwyse and many more.
Early Notables of the Giss family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Guy (died 1629), an English merchant adventurer from Bristol, colonist and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1621 to 1624, the first Proprietary Governor of Newfoundland who led the first attempt to establish a colony... Another 47 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Giss Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Giss family to Ireland
Some of the Giss family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 107 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Giss family to the New World and Oceana
Because of the political and religious discontent in England
, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Giss name or one of its variants:
Giss Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Jacob Giss, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1731 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)