Gerlane History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The ancestors of the first family to use the name Gerlane lived among the Pictish people of ancient Scotland. The name Gerlane is derived from the Old English personal name Gærland. However, the surname Gerlane may be a local name derived from some place which is now unknown; gær and land are common elements in Old English nomenclature.
Early Origins of the Gerlane family
The surname Gerlane was first found in Perthshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Pheairt) former county in the present day Council Area of Perth and Kinross, located in central Scotland.
However, we must look south to find the first record of the name. Johannes de Garlandia or John of Garland ( fl. c. 1205-1255) was a philologist and university teacher who studied at Oxford. Another Johannes de Garlandia (Johannes Gallicus) (fl. c. 1270-1320) was a French music theorist of the late ars antiqua period of medieval music. And John Garland (fl. 1230), was an early grammarian and alchemist, who was assigned by Bale and Pits to the eleventh century, but some argue that he was also a native of France. 
Early History of the Gerlane family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gerlane research. Another 102 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1202, 1296, 1379, 1425, 1660, 1637, 1660, 1660 and are included under the topic Early Gerlane History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Gerlane Spelling Variations
The arts of spelling and translation were yet in their infancies when surnames began, so there are an enormous number of spelling variations of the names in early Scottish records. This is a particular problem with Scottish names because of the numerous times a name might have been loosely translated to English from Gaelic and back. Gerlane has been spelled Garland, Garlland, Gerland, Gerlond and others.
Early Notables of the Gerlane family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the Clan at this time was Augustine Garland (fl. 1660), English Regicide, son of Augustine Garland, attorney, of Coleman Street, London. By the death of his father, in 1637, he succeeded to property in Essex at Hornchurch and Waltham-holy-Cross, and at Queenborough in the island of Sheppey. On 9 May 1660 he appeared before the lord mayor of London and claimed the benefit of the king's declaration. Nevertheless he was put on his trial, and on...
Another 77 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gerlane Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Gerlane family to Ireland
Some of the Gerlane family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Gerlane family
This oppression forced many Scots to leave their homelands. Most of these chose North America as their destination. Although the journey left many sick and poor, these immigrants were welcomed the hardy with great opportunity. Many of these settlers stood up for their newfound freedom in the American War of Independence. More recently, Scots abroad have recovered much of their collective heritage through highland games and other patriotic functions and groups. An examination of passenger and immigration lists has located various settlers bearing the name Gerlane: Daniel and Elizabeth Garland who settled in Barbados in 1654; Hugh Garland settled in Virginia in 1634; Peter Garland settled in Virginia in 1650; Robert Garland settled in Virginia in 1655.
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- ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print