Gerland History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The background history of the name Gerland starts in ancient Scotland among the Pictish people. The name Gerland is derived from the Old English personal name Gærland. However, the surname Gerland may be a local name derived from some place which is now unknown; gær and land are common elements in Old English nomenclature.
Early Origins of the Gerland family
The surname Gerland was first found in Perthshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Pheairt) former county in the present day Council Area of Perth and Kinross, located in central Scotland.
However, we must look south to find the first record of the name. Johannes de Garlandia or John of Garland ( fl. c. 1205-1255) was a philologist and university teacher who studied at Oxford. Another Johannes de Garlandia (Johannes Gallicus) (fl. c. 1270-1320) was a French music theorist of the late ars antiqua period of medieval music. And John Garland (fl. 1230), was an early grammarian and alchemist, who was assigned by Bale and Pits to the eleventh century, but some argue that he was also a native of France. 
Early History of the Gerland family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gerland research. Another 102 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1202, 1296, 1379, 1425, 1660, 1637, 1660, 1660 and are included under the topic Early Gerland History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Gerland Spelling Variations
Prior to the invention of the printing press in the last hundred years, documents were basically unique. Names were written according to sound, and often appeared differently each time they were recorded. Spelling variations of the name Gerland include Garland, Garlland, Gerland, Gerlond and others.
Early Notables of the Gerland family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the Clan at this time was Augustine Garland (fl. 1660), English Regicide, son of Augustine Garland, attorney, of Coleman Street, London. By the death of his father, in 1637, he succeeded to property in Essex at Hornchurch and Waltham-holy-Cross, and at Queenborough in the island of Sheppey. On 9 May 1660 he appeared before the lord mayor of London and claimed the benefit of the king's declaration. Nevertheless he was put on his trial, and on...
Another 77 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gerland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Gerland family to Ireland
Some of the Gerland family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Gerland family
The freedom of the North American colonies was enticing, and many Scots left to make the great crossing. It was a long and hard journey, but its reward was a place where there was more land than people and tolerance was far easier to come by. Many of these people came together to fight for a new nation in the American War of Independence, while others remained loyal to the old order as United Empire Loyalists. The ancestors of Scots in North America have recovered much of this heritage in the 20th century through Clan societies and other such organizations. A search of immigration and passenger lists revealed many important and early immigrants to North America bearing the name of Gerland: Daniel and Elizabeth Garland who settled in Barbados in 1654; Hugh Garland settled in Virginia in 1634; Peter Garland settled in Virginia in 1650; Robert Garland settled in Virginia in 1655.
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- ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print