Gascough is one of the many new names that came to England
following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Gascough family lived in Yorkshire
. Their name, however, is not a reference to this place, but to the family's place of residence prior their emigration to England
a French province which was occupied by the English from 1152 until 1453. The surname was introduced to England
following the Norman Conquest
of 1066, as was the wine for which the area was known. Geoffery Chaucer's Old English poem Piers Plowman
makes reference to "reed wyn of Gascoigne."
Early Origins of the Gascough family
The surname Gascough was first found in the West Riding of Yorkshire
as Saxton, a parish, in the Upper division of the wapentake
of Barkstone-Ash. "The parish comprises by computation 4030 acres, and is chiefly the property of the daughters and co-heiresses of R. O. Gascoigne, Esq." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Gascough family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gascough research.Another 191 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1350, 1419, 1404, 1458, 1381, 1535, 1577, 1537, 1602, 1558, 1610, 1644, 1637, 1596, 1686, 1623, 1698, 1659, 1718, 1662, 1723, 1614 and 1687 are included under the topic Early Gascough History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Gascough Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. When the Normans
became the ruling people of England
in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Gascoigne, Gascoyne, Gascoine, Gascoin, Gaskoyne and others.
Early Notables of the Gascough family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was William Gascoigne (c.1350-1419), Chief Justice of England
during the reign of King Henry IV; Thomas Gascoigne (1404-1458), Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University; John Gascoigne ( fl.
1381), an English lawyer and author; George Gascoigne (c.
1535-1577), an English poet, soldier and unsuccessful courtier; John Gascoigne... Another 78 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gascough Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Gascough family to Ireland
Some of the Gascough family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 37 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Gascough family to the New World and Oceana
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England
. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Gascough or a variant listed above were: Thomas Gaskoyne who settled in Virginia in 1619 before the "Mayflower"; Saville Gascoyne settled in Virginia in 1635; Stephen Gascoyne settled with his wife and servants in Barbados in 1680.