Gartlynd History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The ancestors of the Gartlynd family were part of an ancient Scottish tribe called the Picts. The name Gartlynd is derived from the Old English personal name Gærland. However, the surname Gartlynd may be a local name derived from some place which is now unknown; gær and land are common elements in Old English nomenclature.
Early Origins of the Gartlynd family
The surname Gartlynd was first found in Perthshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Pheairt) former county in the present day Council Area of Perth and Kinross, located in central Scotland.
However, we must look south to find the first record of the name. Johannes de Garlandia or John of Garland ( fl. c. 1205-1255) was a philologist and university teacher who studied at Oxford. Another Johannes de Garlandia (Johannes Gallicus) (fl. c. 1270-1320) was a French music theorist of the late ars antiqua period of medieval music. And John Garland (fl. 1230), was an early grammarian and alchemist, who was assigned by Bale and Pits to the eleventh century, but some argue that he was also a native of France. 
Early History of the Gartlynd family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gartlynd research. Another 102 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1202, 1296, 1379, 1425, 1660, 1637, 1660, 1660 and are included under the topic Early Gartlynd History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Gartlynd Spelling Variations
The appearance of the printing press and the first dictionaries in the last few hundred years did much to standardize spelling. Prior to that time scribes spelled according to sound, a practice that resulted in many spelling variations. Gartlynd has been spelled Garland, Garlland, Gerland, Gerlond and others.
Early Notables of the Gartlynd family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the Clan at this time was Augustine Garland (fl. 1660), English Regicide, son of Augustine Garland, attorney, of Coleman Street, London. By the death of his father, in 1637, he succeeded to property in Essex at Hornchurch and Waltham-holy-Cross, and at Queenborough in the island of Sheppey. On 9 May 1660 he appeared before the lord mayor of London and claimed the benefit of the king's declaration. Nevertheless he was put on his trial, and on...
Another 77 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gartlynd Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Gartlynd family to Ireland
Some of the Gartlynd family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Gartlynd family
The expense of the crossing to the North American colonies seemed small beside the difficulties of remaining in Scotland. It was a long and hard trip, but at its end lay the reward of freedom. Some Scots remained faithful to England and called themselves United Empire Loyalists, while others fought in the American War of Independence. Much of this lost Scottish heritage has been recovered in the last century through Clan societies and other patriotic Scottish organizations. A search of immigration and passenger lists revealed many important, early immigrants to North America bearing the name of Gartlynd: Daniel and Elizabeth Garland who settled in Barbados in 1654; Hugh Garland settled in Virginia in 1634; Peter Garland settled in Virginia in 1650; Robert Garland settled in Virginia in 1655.
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- ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print