Gartland History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Picts of ancient Scotland were the tribe of the ancestors of the Gartland family. The name Gartland is derived from the Old English personal name Gærland. However, the surname Gartland may be a local name derived from some place which is now unknown; gær and land are common elements in Old English nomenclature.

Early Origins of the Gartland family

The surname Gartland was first found in Perthshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Pheairt) former county in the present day Council Area of Perth and Kinross, located in central Scotland. Searching through early records, we discovered: "Robert Gerland of Perthshire rendered homage [to King Edward I of England] in 1296, Thomas Gerland was rector of the church of Banevy, 1321, and Gilbert Gerland was bailie of Perth, 1359. Thomas Garland was burgess of Linlithgow in 1360, and Roger Gerland or Garland was rector of the church of Eglisham, 1368-1370." [1]

The name may have originated in England as of note was Johannes de Garlandia or John of Garland (fl. c. 1205-1255) was a philologist and university teacher who studied at Oxford. Another Johannes de Garlandia (Johannes Gallicus) (fl. c. 1270-1320) was a French music theorist of the late ars antiqua period of medieval music. And John Garland (fl. 1230), was an early grammarian and alchemist, who was assigned by Bale and Pits to the eleventh century, but some argue that he was also a native of France. [2]

Further south in the parish of Chumleigh, Devon, "Garland is supposed by Prince to have been the birthplace of John de Garland (Garlandia), a poet of the eleventh century, and it continued in the Garlands until the close of the seventeenth century. " [3]

There is much debate as to which century the important poet lived as another source explains "John Garland (fl. 1230), grammarian and alchemist, was assigned by Bale and Pits to the eleventh century, and Dom Rivet, accepting this date, argued that he was also a native of France. They were not acquainted, however, with Garland's poem, 'De Triumphis Ecclesiæ.' Garland there describes himself as one whose mother was England and his nurse Gaul, and says that he had studied at Oxford under one John of London, a philosopher. From Oxford he went to Paris, and since he there studied under Alain de Lille, who died in 1202, we may assume that he was born about 1180. " [2]

Early History of the Gartland family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gartland research. Another 211 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1202, 1296, 1379, 1425, 1379, 1389, 1425, 1482, 1487, 1598, 1661, 1787, 1660, 1637, 1660, 1660, 1578, 1642, 1598 and are included under the topic Early Gartland History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Gartland Spelling Variations

Before the first dictionaries appeared in the last few hundred years, scribes spelled according to sound. spelling variations are common among Scottish names. Gartland has been spelled Garland, Garlland, Gerland, Gerlond and others.

Early Notables of the Gartland family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the Clan at this time was Augustine Garland (fl. 1660), English Regicide, son of Augustine Garland, attorney, of Coleman Street, London. By the death of his father, in 1637, he succeeded to property in Essex at Hornchurch and Waltham-holy-Cross, and at Queenborough in the island of Sheppey. On 9 May 1660 he appeared before the lord mayor of London and claimed the benefit of the king's declaration. Nevertheless he was put on his trial, and on...
Another 77 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gartland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Gartland family to Ireland

Some of the Gartland family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 175 words (12 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Gartland migration to the United States +

In those unstable times, many had no choice but to leave their beloved homelands. Sickness and poverty hounded travelers to North America, but those who made it were welcomed with land and opportunity. These settlers gave the young nations of Canada and the United States a strong backbone as they stood up for their beliefs as United Empire Loyalists and in the American War of Independence. In this century, the ancestors of these brave Scots have begun to recover their illustrious heritage through Clan societies and other heritage organizations. Early passenger and immigration lists reveal many Scottish settlers bearing the name Gartland:

Gartland Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Daniel Gartland, aged 38, who arrived in Missouri in 1844 [4]
  • Joseph Gartland, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1856 [4]

Contemporary Notables of the name Gartland (post 1700) +

  • Francis Xavier Gartland (1805-1854), Irish-born, American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, first Bishop of Savannah, Georgia (1850-1854)
  • Orla Gartland (b. 1995), Irish singer/songwriter
  • Paul E. Gartland (b. 1959), English former professional footballer
  • Graham Gartland (b. 1983), Irish footballer


  1. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  2. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  3. ^ Worth, R.N., A History of Devonshire London: Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, E.G., 1895. Digital
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)


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