The chronicle of the name Garlland begins with a family in the Pictish clans of ancient Scotland
. The name is derived from the Old English personal name Gærland.
However, the surname Garlland may be a local
name derived from some place which is now unknown; gær
are common elements in Old English nomenclature.
Early Origins of the Garlland family
The surname Garlland was first found in Perthshire
(Gaelic: Siorrachd Pheairt) former county in the present day Council Area of Perth and Kinross, located in central Scotland
. However, we must look south to find the first record of the name. Johannes de Garlandia or John of Garland ( fl.
c. 1205-1255) was a philologist and university teacher who studied at Oxford. Another Johannes de Garlandia (Johannes Gallicus) (fl. c. 1270-1320) was a French music theorist of the late ars antiqua period of medieval music.
Early History of the Garlland family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Garlland research.Another 201 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1202, 1296, 1379, 1425 and are included under the topic Early Garlland History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Garlland Spelling Variations
When the first dictionaries were invented in the last few hundred
years, spelling gradually became standardized. Before that time, scribes spelled according to sound. Names were often recorded under different spelling variations
every time they were written. Garlland has been written Garland, Garlland, Gerland, Gerlond and others.
Early Notables of the Garlland family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Garlland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Garlland family to Ireland
Some of the Garlland family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 101 words (7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Garlland family to the New World and Oceana
The crossing to North America did not seem so great in comparison with the hardships many Scots endured at home. It was long, expensive, and cramped, but also rewarding. North America offered land and the chance for settlers to prove themselves in a new place. And many did prove themselves as they fought to forge a new nation in the American War of Independence
. The ancestors of those Scots can now experience much of their once-lost heritage through the Clan
societies and highland games that have sprung up across North America in the last century. A search of immigration and passenger lists revealed many important, early immigrants to North America bearing the name of Garlland: Daniel and Elizabeth Garland who settled in Barbados in 1654; Hugh Garland settled in Virginia in 1634; Peter Garland settled in Virginia in 1650; Robert Garland settled in Virginia in 1655.