It was among those Anglo-Saxon
tribes that once ruled over Britain that the name Garard was formed. The name was derived from the son of Gerard.
The surname Garard was originally derived from the Old German Gerhard
which meant spear-brave.
In Old English, patronyms were formed by adding a variety of suffixes to personal names, which changed over time and from place to place. For example, after the Norman Conquest
which meant son,
were the most common patronymic
suffixes. In the 12th and 13th centuries, the most common patronymic names included the word filius,
which meant son.
By the 14th century, the suffix son
had replaced these earlier versions. Surnames that were formed with filius
were more common in the north of England
and it was here that the number of individuals without surnames was greatest at this time.
Early Origins of the Garard family
The surname Garard was first found in Lancashire
where they held a family seat
from very ancient times. The Gerrard family name, also spelled Gerard and Jarrard, is traced by historians to the grandson of Edward the Confessor (1004-1066). In England
the name was first recorded in the Domesday Book
in 1086. Gerard (died 21 May 1108), was Lord Chancellor of England
(1085-1092) appointed by William I, and later Archbishop of York (1100-1108.) He may have been with the king's hunting party when William II was killed, as he witnessed the first charter issued by the new king, Henry I of England
, a few days later. Windle with Hardshaw in Lancashire
was home to the family in later years. "In the reign of Edward III., the manor was held under William Boteler by Peter de Burnhull, with whose heiress the Gerards acquired the property; and this latter family are the present lords. Windle Hall belongs to Sir John Gerard, Bart., at whose annual court lor the manor of Windle, officers are chosen for the township." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Garard family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Garard research.Another 127 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1177, 1545, 1611, 1593, 1559, 1581, 1564, 1618, 1622, 1613, 1640, 1634, 1667, 1587, 1670, 1617, 1680, 1641, 1660, 1618, 1683, 1660, 1687, 1661, 1685, 1659, 1701, 1689 and 1694 are included under the topic Early Garard History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Garard Spelling Variations
Until the dictionary, an invention of only the last few hundred
years, the English language lacked any comprehensive system of spelling rules. Consequently, spelling variations
in names are frequently found in early Anglo-Saxon
and later Anglo-Norman documents. One person's name was often spelled several different ways over a lifetime. The recorded variations of Garard include Gerrard, Gerard, Jarrard, Jared, Garrad, Garred, Jarratt, Jarrett and many more.
Early Notables of the Garard family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include John Gerard (Gerarde) (1545-1611), an English botanist and herbalist, who maintained a large herbal garden in London, eponym of the botanical genus Gerardia; Sir Gilbert Gerard (died 1593), a prominent lawyer, politician, and landowner who served six times as a member of the... Another 139 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Garard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Garard family to the New World and Oceana
Thousands of English families boarded ships sailing to the New World in the hope of escaping the unrest found in England
at this time. Although the search for opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad took the lives of many because of the cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels, the opportunity perceived in the growing colonies of North America beckoned. Many of the settlers who survived the journey went on to make important contributions to the transplanted cultures of their adopted countries. The Garard were among these contributors, for they have been located in early North American records:
Garard Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Carat Garard, who arrived in Virginia in 1713 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
Contemporary Notables of the name Garard (post 1700)
- James L. Garard, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Illinois, 1952 CITATION[CLOSE]
The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 7) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html