Gage History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

Gage is an ancient Norman name that arrived in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Gage family lived person who worked as the local assayer, who would determine weights and measures. The surname has another occupational origin which suggests that the bearer worked as a money lender, which was taken from the Old French word gage, which literally means a pledge.

Early Origins of the Gage family

The surname Gage was first found in Gaugy, Normandy where Ralph de Gaugy was listed there in 1180. Various versions of the name were listed including Gauchi, Gaugi, and Gaacy in L'Aigle, Normandy about the same time. The first record on the name in England was Warin de Gaacy (Wacy) in Bedfordshire in 1140.

A few years later, Ralph de Gauchi (Gaugi) held a fief in Northumberland by marriage in 1165 and in the same year, Robert de Gaugi was Baron of Slesmouth, again in Northumberland. The latter's brother, Roger de Gauchi was granted the ownership of Argentan Castle and Forest by King John in 1203. [1]

The parish of Alciston in Sussex was another ancient family seat. "This manor was given, with others, to Battle Abbey by the Conqueror, whose grant was confirmed by Henry I.: on the surrender of the abbey, in 1539, the king became seised of the lordship, and gave it to Sir John Gage and Philippa his wife, to hold in capite by knight's service. Alciston Place was occupied by an ancestor of the present Lord Gage in 1585." [2]

At one time, Burstow, Surrey was another stronghold of the family. "Burstow-Court Lodge became, in the 15th century, the property of the Gages, of whom was Sir John Gage, K. G., a distinguished military officer in the reigns of Henry VIII. and Edward VI.; the family sold the property in 1613." [2]

Important Dates for the Gage family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gage research. Another 133 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1269, 1633, 1754, 1479, 1556, 1596, 1656, 1621, 1682, 1654, 1660, 1642, 1699, 1691, 1700, 1695, 1744, 1722, 1702, 1754 and 1934 are included under the topic Early Gage History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Gage Spelling Variations

Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Gage, Gauge and others.

Early Notables of the Gage family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir John Gage (1479-1556), Vice Chamberlain of England to Henry VIII, who began the line of the Gage family of Firle Place; Thomas Gage (circa 1596-1656), English Catholic missionary who traveled in Mexico and Central America, and whose written accounts encouraged English exploration; Francis Gage (1621-1682), an English Roman Catholic priest, President of the English College, Douai; Sir...
Another 66 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gage Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Gage family to Ireland

Some of the Gage family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 66 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Gage migration to the United States

Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Gage or a variant listed above:

Gage Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Gage, who arrived with Winthrop's Fleet in 1630 and settled in Boston
  • John Gage, who landed in Ipswich, Massachusetts in 1634 [3]
  • William Gage, who arrived in Virginia in 1638 [3]
  • Elizabeth Gage, who settled in Virginia in 1652
  • Elizabeth Gage, who landed in Virginia in 1652 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Gage Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • John Gage, who settled in Maryland in 1747
Gage Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • B Gage, aged 33, who arrived in New Orleans, La in 1830 [3]
  • James Gage, aged 21, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1833 [3]
  • A Gage, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [3]
  • T B Gage, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [3]
  • William Gage, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Gage migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Gage Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Nathan Gage, who arrived in Canada in 1839

Gage migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Gage Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • John Gage, aged 50, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Hooghly" [4]
  • John Gage, aged 15, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Hooghly" [4]

Gage migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Gage Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • George Gage, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1840
  • J Gage, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840

Contemporary Notables of the name Gage (post 1700)

  • Leighton David Gage (1942-2013), American author of crime fiction best known for the Chief Inspector Mario Silva Investigations series of novels
  • Brigadier-General Philip Stearns Gage (1885-1982), American Commanding General Harbor Defenses of Boston (1944-1947) [5]
  • Ben Gage (1914-1978), American television actor
  • Nicholas Gage (b. 1938), Greek-American writer
  • Jack R. Gage (1899-1970), American governor of Wyoming
  • Henry Tifft Gage (1852-1924), American politician, Governor of California from 1899-1903
  • Lyman Judson Gage (1836-1927), American banker and cabinet member
  • Matilda Joslyn Gage (1826-1898), American women's suffrage activist and author
  • Thomas Gage (1702-1754), 1st Viscount Gage of Castle Island in the County of Kerry of the Kingdom of Ireland, Irish peer, Member of Parliament for Minehead and Tewkesbury and Governor of Barbados
  • William Hall Gage (1718-1791), 2nd Viscount Gage of Castle Island in the County of Kerry of the Kingdom of Ireland, Irish peer
  • ... (Another 8 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Gage family

Halifax Explosion
  • Mrs. Susan  Gage (1855-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [6]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Roy G Gage, British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [7]

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Citations

  1. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ South Australian Register Wednesday 21st February 1855. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Rodney 1855. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/rodney1855.shtml
  5. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, March 5) Philip Gage. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Gage/Philip_Stearns/USA.html
  6. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  7. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
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