Fitzgerald History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The Strongbownians added their own naming traditions to the eastern region of Ireland to which they arrived. The impact of this new tradition was not extremely disruptive to the pre-existing Irish tradition because the two had many similarities. Both cultures made significant use of hereditary surnames. And like the Irish, the Strongbownians often used prefixes to build patronymic surnames, which are names based on the given name of the initial bearer's father or another older relative. Strongbow's followers often created names that were built with the prefix Fitz-, which was derived from the French word fils, and ultimately from the Latin filius, both of which mean son. They also used diminutive suffixes such as "-ot," "-et," "-un," "-in," or "-el," and occasionally even two suffixes combined to form a double diminutive such as "-el-in," "-el-ot," "-in-ot," and "-et-in," to build patronymic names. The surname Fitzgerald is derived from the Norman personal name Gerald, which consists of the Germanic elements "geri" or "gari," which mean "spear," and "wald," which means "rule." The name features the distinctive Irish patronymic prefix fitz, which means son of in Anglo-French. This is derived from the Old French word "fils," which ultimately comes from the Latin word "filius." The Gaelic form of the surname Fitzgerald is "Mac Gerailt."

Early Origins of the Fitzgerald family

The surname Fitzgerald was first found in Munster, where they were granted lands by the Earl of Pembroke during his invasion of Ireland in 1172. Otho Geraldino, one of the chief commanders of Williams the Conqueror landed in England at the time of the Conquest and was created a Baron for his efforts. As Norman constable of Pembroke, South Wales, he went into Ireland with Strongbow in the Anglo- Norman invasion. Two generations later, Maurice was the first to use the name Fitzgerald. He was granted lands in Munster in the south of Ireland. [1]

Important Dates for the Fitzgerald family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Fitzgerald research. Another 332 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1333, 1411, 1316, 1716, 1513, 1537, 1411, 1809, 1883, 1534, 1612, 1660, 1634, 1664, 1660, 1660 and 1661 are included under the topic Early Fitzgerald History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Fitzgerald Spelling Variations

Church officials and medieval scribes spelled names as they sounded; therefore, single person, could have his name spelt many different ways during their lifetime. While investigating the origins of the name Fitzgerald, many spelling variations were encountered, including: Fitzgerald, Geraldines, Desmond, Gerald, Geralds and others.

Early Notables of the Fitzgerald family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family up to this time was Gerald Fitzgerald, ninth Earl who was impeached of high treason and died for his causes at the Tower of London 1534; George FitzGerald, 16th Earl of Kildare (1612-1660), known as the "Fairy Earl", for no...
Another 43 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Fitzgerald Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Fitzgerald migration to the United States

Ireland went through one of the most devastating periods in its history with the arrival of the Great Potato Famine of the 1840s. Many also lost their lives from typhus, fever and dysentery. And poverty was the general rule as tenant farmers were often evicted because they could not pay the high rents. Emigration to North America gave hundreds of families a chance at a life where work, freedom, and land ownership were all possible. For those who made the long journey, it meant hope and survival. The Irish emigration to British North America and the United States opened up the gates of industry, commerce, education and the arts. Early immigration and passenger lists have shown many Irish people bearing the name Fitzgerald:

Fitzgerald Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Redmond Fitzgerald, who landed in Virginia in 1635
  • Cate Fitzgerald, who landed in Maryland in 1678 [2]
  • Luke FitzGerald, who arrived in Maryland in 1678 [2]
  • Moriss FitzGerald, who arrived in Maryland in 1678 [2]
  • Thomas FitzGerald, who landed in Maryland in 1678 [2]
Fitzgerald Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Thomas Fitzgerald, who arrived in New England in 1717 [2]
  • Patrick Fitzgerald, who landed in New England in 1738 [2]
  • Anne Fitzgerald, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1743 [2]
  • Eliza Fitzgerald, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1744 [2]
  • William Fitzgerald, who arrived in America in 1760 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Fitzgerald Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Morris Fitzgerald, who landed in New York, NY in 1811 [2]
  • Robert Fitzgerald, aged 31, who landed in Louisiana in 1812 [2]
  • John G Fitzgerald, aged 39, who landed in Georgia in 1812 [2]
  • Mary Fitzgerald, who arrived in New York, NY in 1815 [2]
  • Matthew Fitzgerald, who landed in New York, NY in 1815 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Fitzgerald Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Margarett Fitzgerald, who landed in Colorado in 1907 [2]
  • Edward James Fitzgerald, who arrived in Wisconsin in 1926 [2]

Fitzgerald migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Fitzgerald Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Frederick Fitzgerald, who landed in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Frederick Fitzgerald, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • James Fitzgerald, who arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Richard Fitzgerald, who arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Richard Fitzgerald, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Fitzgerald Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Mary Fitzgerald, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1811
  • Bridget Fitzgerald, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1816
  • Mary Fitzgerald, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1820
  • John Fitzgerald, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1821
  • James Fitzgerald, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1825
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Fitzgerald migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Fitzgerald Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Fitzgerald, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Australia [3]
  • Susan Fitzgerald, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on December 14, 1835, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [4]
  • Crofton Fitzgerald, who arrived in Kangaroo Island aboard the ship "Hartley" in 1837 [5]
  • Margaret Fitzgerald, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Sir Charles Forbes" in 1839 [6]
  • John Fitzgerald, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Birman" in 1840 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Fitzgerald migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Fitzgerald Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • M.A. Fitzgerald, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Oriental
  • Thomas Fitzgerald, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Geo Fife
  • J. P. Fitzgerald, aged 23, a doctor, who arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship "Oriental" in 1840
  • Dr. J.P. Fitzgerald, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Oriental" arriving in Port Nicholson, Wellington, New Zealand on 31st January 1840 [8]
  • Mr. Fitzgerald, Australian settler travelling from Sydney aboard the ship "Earl of Lonsdale" arriving in Bay of Islands, North Island, New Zealand on 11th April 1841 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Fitzgerald (post 1700)

  • Ella Fitzgerald (1918-1996), American jazz singer, considered one of the most influential jazz vocalists of the 20th Century and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Thomas R. Fitzgerald (1941-2015), American jurist, Chief Justice of the Illinois Supreme Court (2008-2010), Member of the Supreme Court of Illinois (2000-2008)
  • Brigadier-General Shepler Ward FitzGerald (1884-1953), American Commandant of Army Air Force Radio School Number 4 (1943-1946) [10]
  • Frances FitzGerald (b. 1940), American journalist and author awarded the 1973 Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction
  • John Francis Fitzgerald (1863-1950), Irish-American politician and grandfather of President John F. Kennedy
  • Michael G. Fitzgerald (1950-2006), American film historian and author
  • James F. Fitzgerald (b. 1926), American businessman and philanthropist
  • C. B. Fitzgerald, American Republican politician, Mayor of Seattle, Washington, 1919-20; Appointed 1919; Washington Republican State Chair, 1925 [11]
  • Anthony J. Fitzgerald, American Democrat politician, Candidate in primary for Circuit Judge in Michigan 3rd Circuit, 1935 [11]
  • Alice Fitzgerald, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Massachusetts, 1980 [11]
  • ... (Another 180 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Fitzgerald family

Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. H. Fitzgerald, British Seaman from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [12]
Flight 191
  • Mrs. S Fitzgerald, American passenger from Los Angeles, California, USA, who flew aboard American Airlines Flight 191 and died in the crash [13]
HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Augustine Francis Fitzgerald (1914-1941), Australian Blacksmith 4th Class from Mornington, Victoria, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [14]
  • Mr. Lloyd Gerald Fitzgerald (1916-1941), Australian Acting Supply Petty Officer from Kirribilli, New South Wales, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [14]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Joseph V Fitzgerald (b. 1923), English Ordinary Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Collyhurst, Manchester, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [15]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Gerald Fitzgerald, British Padre, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [16]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Michael Fitzgerald, British Leading Stoker, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [17]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. John E. Fitzgerald, English Electric Attendant from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [18]

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Citations

  1. ^ O'Hart, John, Irish Pedigrees 5th Edition in 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0737-4)
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1822 with 190 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1822
  4. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1835 with 132 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1835
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HARTLEY 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837Hartley.htm
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) SIR CHARLES FORBES (originally Charles Forbes) 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839SirCharlesForbes.htm
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BIRMAN 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840Birman.htm
  8. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, February 29) Shepler FitzGerald. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/FitzGerald/Shepler_Ward/USA.html
  11. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 28) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  12. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  13. ^ Flight 191's Victims - latimes. (Retrieved 2014, April 16) . Retrieved from http://articles.latimes.com/1985-08-04/news/mn-4349_1_fort-lauderdale-area
  14. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  15. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  16. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  17. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  18. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 10) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
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