The origins of the Fitchell surname date from the ancient Anglo-Saxon
culture of Britain. Their name originated with an early member who was a person of iron point
which may have been made in reference to a soldier or warrior. The surname Fitchell originally derived from the Old English word Fiche
which referred to iron point.
One source claims that the name could have been Norman in origin from "Fitz or Le Fils." CITATION[CLOSE]
The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
And another claims the name was from "the Flemish
, Vits; a personal name." CITATION[CLOSE]
Barber, Henry, British Family Names London: Elliot Stock, 62 Paternoster Row, 1894. Print.
At times, sources disagree as to the origin of a surname. This is one of those names. Regardless of the aforementioned origins noted above, Harrison and Lower, two reputable authors on the study of surnames note the name could have been derived from a nickname, as in the "polecat" from the Middle English word "fitchett" meaning "polecat." CITATION[CLOSE]
Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print. Conversely Reaney, another noted author notes "the common derivation of Fitch and Fitchett from the polecat is untenable." CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X) In this case, we agree with the latter author who postulates the name was derived from Fiche, "iron point."
Early Origins of the Fitchell family
The surname Fitchell was first found in Essex
where "the name has long been established." CITATION[CLOSE]
Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
However, the Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273 list scattered listings of the family by that time: Gilbert Fiz in Cambridgeshire; Walter Fiz in Bedfordshire; and William Fiz in Somerset
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Fitchell family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Fitchell research.Another 265 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1300, 1300, 1359, 1398, 1612, 1704, 1638 and 1673 are included under the topic Early Fitchell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Fitchell Spelling Variations
The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries; therefore, spelling variations
are common among early Anglo-Saxon
names. As the form of the English language changed, even the spelling of literate people's names evolved. Fitchell has been recorded under many different variations, including Fitch, Fitchett, Fitchitt, Fittch, Fitche, Fitchet, Fitchit, Fitz, Fitts and many more.
Early Notables of the Fitchell family (pre 1700)
Another 48 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Fitchell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Fitchell family to Ireland
Some of the Fitchell family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 56 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Fitchell family to the New World and Oceana
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that shrouded England
made the far away New World an attractive prospect. On cramped disease-ridden ships, thousands migrated to those British colonies that would eventually become Canada and the United States. Those hardy settlers that survived the journey often went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Fitchell or a variant listed above: Matthew Fitch who settled in Virginia in 1606; fourteen years before the "Mayflower"; Enecha Fitch who purchased land in Virginia in 1624; James and Abigail Fitch who landed in Boston in 1635.
The Fitchell Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto Translation: Hope.