The name Finnis was brought to England
in the great wave of migration following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Finnis family lived in Fiennes,
in the region of Pas-de-Calais, Normandy.
Early Origins of the Finnis family
The surname Finnis was first found in Kent
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor, Lords of the Cinque Ports, and Constables of Dover Castle. They are said to be descended from Conon de Fiennes, the Earl of Boulogne, of the county of Boulounais in Normandy
. John de Fiennes accompanied William, Duke of Normandy
in his conquest of England
at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D. In England
, William was the 1st Baron
de Fiennes (circa 1160-1241). The family also remained in France where Robert de Fiennes was constable of France from 1350 to 1370.
Early History of the Finnis family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Finnis research.Another 159 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1496, 1472, 1534, 1557, 1613, 1st , 1582, 1662, 1602, 1674, 1625, 1660, 1608 and 1669 are included under the topic Early Finnis History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Finnis Spelling Variations
Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Finnes, Fienne, Fiennes and others.
Early Notables of the Finnis family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Thomas Fiennes, 8th Baron
Dacre (1472-1534), an English peer and soldier; Richard Fiennes, 7th Baron
Dacre 'of the South' (c.
1557-1613) born at Herstmonceux Castle, Sussex
, England, English peer; William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele (1582-1662), an English nobleman and politician, who... Another 65 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Finnis Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Finnis family to the New World and Oceana
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Finnis Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- George E. Finnis, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "African" in 1860
Contemporary Notables of the name Finnis (post 1700)
- John Mitchell Finnis (b. 1940), Australian legal philosopher, jurist and scholar, Professor of Law & Legal Philosophy at Oxford University (1989-2010)
- Finnis Dawson McCleery (1927-2002), United States Army soldier and a recipient of the Medal of Honor for his actions in the Vietnam War
The Finnis Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Fortem posce animum
Motto Translation: Wish for a strong mind.