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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The Estcourt history begins in Cornwall, a rugged coastal region in southwestern England. Quite distinct from Devon, the adjoining county, Cornwall had its own spoken language until the late 18th century. The Estcourt history began here. The manner in which hereditary surnames arose is interesting. Local surnames were derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. Unlike most Celtic peoples, who favored patronymic names, the Cornish predominantly used local surnames. The Estcourt family originally lived in Cornwall. Their name, however, translates as the dweller at the eastern cottage, and indicates that the original bearer lived in such a place.

Estcourt Early Origins



The surname Estcourt was first found in Cornwall where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.

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Estcourt Spelling Variations


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Estcourt Spelling Variations



Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Estcourt, Estcott, Estcotte, Eastcourt, Escott and many more.

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Estcourt Early History


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Estcourt Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Estcourt research. Another 137 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1601, 1668, 1628, 1629, 1668 and 1712 are included under the topic Early Estcourt History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Estcourt Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Estcourt Early Notables (pre 1700)



Notable amongst the family at this time was Rt. Hon. George Eastcourt; Sir Edward Estcourt of Salisbury; Sir Giles Estcourt, 1st Baronet ( c. 1601-1668), an English politician who sat in the...

Another 31 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Estcourt Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Research into the origins of individual families in North America has revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Estcourt or a variant listed above: Thomas Escott who settled in Virginia in 1680.

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Contemporary Notables of the name Estcourt (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Estcourt (post 1700)



  • General Edward Estcourt,

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Estcourt Family Crest Products


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Estcourt Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
    2. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
    3. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
    4. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
    5. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
    6. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    7. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
    8. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
    9. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
    10. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
    11. ...

    The Estcourt Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Estcourt Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 19 September 2013 at 12:56.

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