The Estcourt history begins in Cornwall
, a rugged coastal region in southwestern England
. Quite distinct from Devon
, the adjoining county, Cornwall
had its own spoken language until the late 18th century. The Estcourt history began here. The manner in which hereditary surnames
arose is interesting. Local
surnames were derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. Unlike most Celtic peoples, who favored patronymic
names, the Cornish predominantly used local
surnames. The Estcourt family originally lived in Cornwall
. Their name, however, translates as the dweller at the eastern cottage,
and indicates that the original bearer lived in such a place.
Early Origins of the Estcourt family
The surname Estcourt was first found in Cornwall
where they held a family seat
from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest
and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.
Early History of the Estcourt family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Estcourt research.Another 69 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1570, 1624, 1607, 1624, 1668, 1712, 1601, 1668, 1628, 1629, 1676, 1684, 1587, 1563, 1571, 1572, 1584 and 1586 are included under the topic Early Estcourt History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Estcourt Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations
often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall
and the rest of England
. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic
language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Estcourt, Estcott, Estcotte, Eastcourt, Escott and many more.
Early Notables of the Estcourt family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was Sir Thomas Estcourt (c.
1570-1624), an English lawyer and politician, High Sheriff
in 1607, Member of Parliament for Gloucestershire
in 1624; Sir Edward Estcourt of Salisbury; Richard Estcourt (1668-1712), an early English actor, active playing comedy parts in Dublin; and Sir... Another 120 words (9 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Estcourt Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Estcourt family to the New World and Oceana
Research into the origins of individual families in North America has revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Estcourt or a variant listed above: Thomas Escott who settled in Virginia in 1680.
Contemporary Notables of the name Estcourt (post 1700)
- Thomas Grimston Estcourt (1775-1853), of New Park, near Devizes, Wiltshire, an English politician, Member of Parliament for Devizes (1805–1826) and for Oxford University (1826–1847)
- Edgar Edmund Estcourt M.A., (1816-1884), English prelate, canon of St. Chad's Roman Catholic Cathedral, Birmingham
- Charlotte "Charlie" Estcourt (b. 1998), English footballer, member of the Wales National Team (2015-)
- James Bucknall Bucknall Estcourt (1803-1855), British major-general and politician
- Nick Estcourt (1942-1978), British climber who was killed on K2 by an avalanche on the West Ridge route
- Justice Stephen Peter Estcourt (b. 1953), Australian jurist, Puisne Judge of the Supreme Court of Tasmania since April 2013
- Arthur Charles Sotheron Estcourt MC (1893-1918), British soldier of the First World War who was awarded the Military Cross for his actions in September 1916
- Noël Sidney Dudley Estcourt (b. 1929), Rhodesian sportsman who played international rugby union for England and first-class cricket (1953-1954)
- Thomas E. Sotheron- Estcourt (1881-1958), British Conservative Member of Parliament (1931–1935)
- Thomas H. Sotheron- Estcourt (1801-1876), British Conservative Party politician, Home Secretary in 1859
- ... (Another 3 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
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