The Atlantic Ocean to the north and west and the English Channel to the south borders Cornwall
, the homeland to the Estcotte family name. Even though the usage of surnames was common during the Middle Ages, all English people were known only by a single name in early times. The manner in which hereditary surnames
arose is interesting. Local
surnames are derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. The Estcotte family originally lived in Cornwall
. Their name, however, translates as the dweller at the eastern cottage,
and indicates that the original bearer lived in such a place.
Early Origins of the Estcotte family
The surname Estcotte was first found in Cornwall
where they held a family seat
from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest
and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.
Early History of the Estcotte family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Estcotte research.Another 69 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1570, 1624, 1607, 1624, 1668, 1712, 1601, 1668, 1628, 1629, 1676, 1684, 1587, 1563, 1571, 1572, 1584 and 1586 are included under the topic Early Estcotte History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Estcotte Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations
often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall
and the rest of England
. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic
language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Estcourt, Estcott, Estcotte, Eastcourt, Escott and many more.
Early Notables of the Estcotte family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was Sir Thomas Estcourt (c.
1570-1624), an English lawyer and politician, High Sheriff
in 1607, Member of Parliament for Gloucestershire
in 1624; Sir Edward Estcourt of Salisbury; Richard Estcourt (1668-1712), an early English actor, active playing comedy parts in Dublin; and Sir... Another 120 words (9 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Estcotte Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Estcotte family to the New World and Oceana
The records on immigrants and ships' passengers show a number of people bearing the name Estcotte: Thomas Escott who settled in Virginia in 1680.