Engilard History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The ancestry of the name Engilard dates from the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. It comes from when the family lived in a meadow beside water. The surname Engilard originally derived from the Old English word Engelond  which referred to a meadow beside a rushing river. As such, the surname is topographic; that is, a name derived from a geographical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. 
Another source has this theory about the variant England: "It seems quite absurd to have adopted the name of one's country while still residing in it, as a family name; but I am inclined to think that it was first given to an Englishman when living in a foreign country, and that he, on his return, continued to use it. Or, England may possibly be the name of some obscure locality of which the family were anciently possessed, just as the Hollands take their name, not from the land of Dutchmen, but from a district of Lincolnshire. " 
Another source claims the word England is from the Anglo-Saxon Englaland c. 890 and means "land of the Angles." 
Early Origins of the Engilard family
The surname Engilard was first found in Yorkshire where some of the first records of the family were found listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379. The following entries all denote landholders: Alicia de Ingeland; Isabella Ingeland; Willelmus Ingland; and Robertas Ingland. 
Looking back further, we found Nicholas de Engelond was listed in the Assize Rolls of Cambridgeshire in 1260; and William de Engelond was listed in the Assize Rolls of Cheshire in 1295. Later, John Ingelond (Engelond) was listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Essex in 1327. 
Early History of the Engilard family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Engilard research. Another 181 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1560, 1721, 1717, 1720, 1740, 1788, 1788, 1814, 1748 and 1730 are included under the topic Early Engilard History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Engilard Spelling Variations
Spelling variations in names were a common occurrence before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate spelled their names differently as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Engilard have been found, including England, Englund, Englend and others.
Early Notables of the Engilard family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include Thomas Ingeland (fl. 1560), English dramatist, studied, according to his own account, at Cambridge, and is said to have belonged to Christ's College. 
Edward England (died 1721), born Edward Seegar in Ireland, was a famous African coast and Indian Ocean pirate captain from 1717 to 1720. According to Forbes, he was the twelfth highest earning pirate having a wealth of over 8 million in today's dollars.
Another 72 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Engilard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Engilard family
Families began migrating abroad in enormous numbers because of the political and religious discontent in England. Often faced with persecution and starvation in England, the possibilities of the New World attracted many English people. Although the ocean trips took many lives, those who did get to North America were instrumental in building the necessary groundwork for what would become for new powerful nations. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America bore the name Engilard, or a variant listed above: John England who was one of the founders of Charlestown Massachusetts in 1620; and another John England settled in Virginia in 1622; Humphrey England and his son settled in Virginia in 1636..
Related Stories +
- ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
- ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print