Edgcoombe History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Anglo-Saxon name Edgcoombe comes from the family having resided at the edge of the valley. The surname Edgcoombe originally derived from the Old English word Eggcombe. The surname Edgcoombe is a topographic surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. Habitation names form the other broad category of surnames that were derived from place-names. They were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Other local names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties. As a general rule, the greater the distance between an individual and their homeland, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, a person who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came.

Early Origins of the Edgcoombe family

The surname Edgcoombe was first found in Devon where the original ancestor Richard Edgcumbe was Lord of Edgecumbe in 1292. [1] "In the reign of Edward III, William Edgcumbe, second son of the house of Edgcumbe, having married the heiress of Cotehele, in the parish of Calstock, removed into Cornwall, and was the ancestor of the Edgcumbes of Cotehele and Mount Edgcumbe, Earls of Mount Edgcumbe (1789)" [1]

"Milton Abbot contains the lovely Devonshire seat of the Dukes of Bedford Endsleigh. Edgcumbe, here, is the original home of the family of Edgcumbe, and has continued in the possession of the elder branch from the reign of Edward III. The younger branch is ennobled as Earls Mount Edgcumbe. " [2]

"Mount-Edgcumbe House, [in Maker, south-east Cornwall] the noble seat of the Edgcumbe family, and from which its representative derives the title of Earl, was originally built in the reign of Mary, and, with the exception only of Salcombe, was the last garrison that held out for Charles I.; it occupies an elevated site, commanding an extensive prospect, and its domain presents a variety of beautiful scenery." [3] It was built by Sir Richard Edgcumbe between 1547 and 1553 and later destroyed during World War II but was restored in the late 1950s.

Calstock in Cornwall was another ancient home of the family. "This singular mansion is delightfully situated on the banks of the Tamar, which winds along the vale, the sides of which are covered with luxuriant fertility. This place gave name to a very ancient family, that became extinct in the male line so early as the reign of Edward III. The heiress of this family was afterwards married to "William de Eggecombe," who fixed his residence at Cotehele. The present house was built by Sir Richard Edgcumbe in the reign of Henry VII. ; and from its high state of preservation, it exhibits to the curious a fine specimen of a mansion house of that age." [4]

Early History of the Edgcoombe family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Edgcoombe research. Another 264 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1499, 1562, 1536, 1608, 1540, 1587, 1563, 1570, 1639, 1586, 1629, 1609, 1667, 1640, 1667, 1640, 1688, 1661, 1679, 1679, 1681 and 1696 are included under the topic Early Edgcoombe History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Edgcoombe Spelling Variations

Edgcoombe has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Spelling variants included: Edgecombe, Edgecomb, Edgecumb, Edgecumbe and others.

Early Notables of the Edgcoombe family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: Sir Richard Edgcumbe (1499-1562), an English courtier and politician; Peter Edgcumbe or Edgcombe (1536-1608), an English politician; Richard Edgecombe (c. 1540-1587), of Cotehele, Cornwall, an English politician, Member of the Parliament for Totnes in 1563; Sir Richard Edgcumbe (c 1570-1639), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1586 and 1629; Piers Edgecumbe (c.1609-1667), an English...
Another 67 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Edgcoombe Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Edgcoombe family

In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Edgcoombes to arrive on North American shores: Miles Edgecombe who brought his wife and children to New England in 1676. During the next century the name was recorded in Boston and other eastern seaboard cities and the surname was brought to Canada during the 18th century, perhaps by a family of Empire Loyalists..



The Edgcoombe Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Au playsir fort de dieu
Motto Translation: In high-pleasure of God


  1. ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
  2. ^ Worth, R.N., A History of Devonshire London: Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, E.G., 1895. Digital
  3. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  4. ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print


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