Edgcoomb History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The origins of the Edgcoomb name lie with England's ancient Anglo-Saxon culture. It comes from when the family lived at the edge of the valley. The surname Edgcoomb originally derived from the Old English word Eggcombe. The surname Edgcoomb is a topographic surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. Habitation names form the other broad category of surnames that were derived from place-names. They were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Other local names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties. As a general rule, the greater the distance between an individual and their homeland, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, a person who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came.

Early Origins of the Edgcoomb family

The surname Edgcoomb was first found in Devon where the original ancestor Richard Edgcumbe was Lord of Edgecumbe in 1292. [1] "In the reign of Edward III, William Edgcumbe, second son of the house of Edgcumbe, having married the heiress of Cotehele, in the parish of Calstock, removed into Cornwall, and was the ancestor of the Edgcumbes of Cotehele and Mount Edgcumbe, Earls of Mount Edgcumbe (1789)" [1]

"Mount-Edgcumbe House, [in Maker, south-east Cornwall] the noble seat of the Edgcumbe family, and from which its representative derives the title of Earl, was originally built in the reign of Mary, and, with the exception only of Salcombe, was the last garrison that held out for Charles I.; it occupies an elevated site, commanding an extensive prospect, and its domain presents a variety of beautiful scenery." [2] It was built by Sir Richard Edgcumbe between 1547 and 1553 and later destroyed during World War II but was restored in the late 1950s.

Calstock in Cornwall was another ancient home of the family. "This singular mansion is delightfully situated on the banks of the Tamar, which winds along the vale, the sides of which are covered with luxuriant fertility. This place gave name to a very ancient family, that became extinct in the male line so early as the reign of Edward III. The heiress of this family was afterwards married to "William de Eggecombe," who fixed his residence at Cotehele. The present house was built by Sir Richard Edgcumbe in the reign of Henry VII. ; and from its high state of preservation, it exhibits to the curious a fine specimen of a mansion house of that age." [3]

Important Dates for the Edgcoomb family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Edgcoomb research. Another 264 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1499, 1562, 1536, 1608, 1540, 1587, 1563, 1570, 1639, 1586, 1629, 1609, 1667, 1640, 1667, 1640, 1688, 1661, 1679, 1679, 1681 and 1696 are included under the topic Early Edgcoomb History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Edgcoomb Spelling Variations

Before the last few hundred years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Edgcoomb were recorded, including Edgecombe, Edgecomb, Edgecumb, Edgecumbe and others.

Early Notables of the Edgcoomb family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: Sir Richard Edgcumbe (1499-1562), an English courtier and politician; Peter Edgcumbe or Edgcombe (1536-1608), an English politician; Richard Edgecombe (c. 1540-1587), of Cotehele, Cornwall, an English politician, Member of the Parliament for Totnes in 1563; Sir Richard Edgcumbe (c 1570-1639), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1586 and 1629; Piers Edgecumbe (c.1609-1667), an English...
Another 67 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Edgcoomb Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Edgcoomb family

To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Edgcoomb family emigrate to North America: Miles Edgecombe who brought his wife and children to New England in 1676. During the next century the name was recorded in Boston and other eastern seaboard cities and the surname was brought to Canada during the 18th century, perhaps by a family of Empire Loyalists..

Citations

  1. ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
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