The surname Eayres was most likely brought to England
in the wake of the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The name is thought to be derived from the Old French "eir," which is itself derived from the Latin "heres," meaning "heir."
Early Origins of the Eayres family
The surname Eayres was first found in Derbyshire
, where the ancestral home of the main branch of the Eayres family is thought to be located. Early written records of the name Eayres have been found in many counties, notably Derbyshire, Wiltshire
, and Shropshire
. In the early legends of the Eyre family, it was recounted that a Knight named Eyre who fought with Richard the Lionheart at the Battle of Ascalon during the Crusades lost a leg while defending his King, which is why the family still bears a booted leg in its crest.
Another source, mentions that the traditional origin of the name was in circumstance of a Norman knight having at the Battle of Hastings succoured (helped) duke William of Normandy and given him air when he was in danger of suffocation. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
"The Eyres appear as witnesses to charters in the Peak of Derbyshire in the remotest period to which private charters ascend. The first of the name known is William le Eyre, of Hope, in the reign of Henry III." CITATION[CLOSE]
Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
The chapel in Great Longstone, Derbyshire contains monuments to the "family of Eyre, earls of Newburgh." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Eayres family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Eayres research.Another 223 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1216, 1582, 1657, 1635, 1628, 1678, 1659, 1678, 1635, 1695, 1660, 1661, 1689, 1638, 1698, 1666, 1735, 1665, 1715, 1698, 1701, 1705, 1715, 1670, 1715, 1729, 1585, 1661, 1662 and 1768 are included under the topic Early Eayres History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Eayres Spelling Variations
of this family name include: Eyre, Eyer, Eyers, Eayres, Eyres, Ayer, Ayers,Heyer, Ayr, Air, Aires, Hyer, Hayer, Hoyer and many more.
Early Notables of the Eayres family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include John Ayer (1582-1657), an English settler to Massachusetts sailing aboard the ship James in 1635, settling in Ipswich, Haverhill, and Salisbury, born in Salisbury, Wiltshire; Henry Eyre (1628-1678), an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1659 and... Another 98 words (7 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Eayres Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Eayres family to Ireland
Some of the Eayres family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 227 words (16 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Eayres family to the New World and Oceana
Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: Eleazer Eyre, who brought his family to New Hampshire
in 1620; John Ayer, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1640; Temperance Hyer, who came to Virginia in 1650.
Contemporary Notables of the name Eayres (post 1700)
- Marcus Eayres (b. 1971), British magician and entertainer
The Eayres Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Virtus sola invicta
Motto Translation: Virtue alone is invincible.