Donald History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The Donald family history stretches back to the clans of the Dalriadan kingdom on the sea-swept Hebrides islands and mountainous western coast of Scotland. The name Donald is derived from a powerful ruler. The name Donald is derived from the Gaelic name Domhnull, or MacDhomhnuill, and the Celtic name Dubnovalos, all of which mean "world ruler" or "world-mighty". The name ranks second only to John in its popularity as a personal name in Scotland.

Early Origins of the Donald family

The surname Donald was first found in Galloway (Gaelic: Gall-ghaidhealaibh), an area of southwestern Scotland, now part of the Council Area of Dumfries and Galloway, that formerly consisted of the counties of Wigtown (West Galloway) and Kirkcudbright (East Galloway), where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.

Important Dates for the Donald family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Donald research. Another 167 words (12 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Donald History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Donald Spelling Variations

Spelling in the medieval era was a highly imprecise process. Translation, particularly from Gaelic to English, was little better. For these reasons, early Scottish names are rife with spelling variations. In various documents Donald has been spelled Donald, Donaldson, Doneld, Donnald, Donnaldson and others.

Early Notables of the Donald family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Donald Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Donald family to Ireland

Some of the Donald family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 90 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Donald migration to the United States

Settlers from Scotland put down roots in communities all along the east coast of North America. Some moved north from the American colonies to Canada as United Empire Loyalists during the American War of Independence. As Clan societies and highland games started in North America in the 20th century many Scots rediscovered parts of their heritage. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Donald were among those contributors:

Donald Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Mary Donald, who settled in Pennsylvania in 1773 along with David, and Nash
  • Alexander Donald, aged 37, who landed in New York in 1775 [1]
  • Alexander Donald who settled in Georgia in 1775
  • Robert Donald, who arrived in Virginia in 1775 [1]
  • Cornelius Donald, who settled in Maryland in 1776
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Donald Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • James Donald, who arrived in New York, NY in 1803 [1]
  • Nash Donald, aged 26, who arrived in Delaware in 1803 [1]
  • Michael Donald, who arrived in New York, NY in 1811 [1]
  • Barney Donald, who landed in New York, NY in 1811 [1]
  • Eleanor Donald, who arrived in New York, NY in 1811 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Donald migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Donald Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Miss. Elizabeth Donalds U.E. who settled in St. John River, New Brunswick c. 1784 listed as a passenger aboard the ship "Cyrus", picked up on August 21, 1783 at New York was a child but more than 10 years of age [2]
  • Mr. John Donalds U.E. who settled in St. John River, New Brunswick c. 1784 listed as a passenger aboard the ship "Cyrus", picked up on August 21, 1783 at New York was a child but more than 10 years of age [2]
Donald Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Donald, aged 19, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Ambassador" in 1834
  • Miss. Mary Donald, aged 2 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Sarah" departing 29th May 1847 from Liverpool, England; the ship arrived on 19th July 1847 but she died on board [3]
  • Miss. Mary Donald, aged 8 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Eliza Caroline" departing 3rd May 1847 from Liverpool, England; the ship arrived on 14th June 1847 but she died on board [3]

Donald migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Donald Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • James Donald, a stone-mason, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Mr. Henry Donald, (b. 1817), aged 32, Cornish farm labourer from Perranarworthal, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "Courier" arriving in New South Wales, Australia on 11th September 1849 [4]
  • Mrs. Catherine Donald, (b. 1816), aged 33, Cornish settler from Perranarworthal, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "Courier" arriving in New South Wales, Australia on 11th September 1849 [4]
  • Miss Catherine Donald, (b. 1845), aged 4, Cornish settler from Perranarworthal, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "Courier" arriving in New South Wales, Australia on 11th September 1849 [4]
  • Miss Jane Donald, (b. 1848), aged 1, Cornish settler from Perranarworthal, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "Courier" arriving in New South Wales, Australia on 11th September 1849 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Donald migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Donald Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Robert Donald, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • William Donald, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • William Hodgson Donald, who landed in Manaia, New Zealand in 1842 aboard the ship "George Fife"
  • S Donald, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1842
  • Mr. Donald, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "George Fyffe" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 7th November 1842 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Donald (post 1700)

  • Jason Thomas Donald (b. 1984), Olympian for the United States and a Major League Baseball shortstop
  • James Donald (1917-1993), Scottish actor
  • Ian Donald (1910-1987), Scottish physician who pioneered the use of diagnostic ultrasound in medicine
  • Mrs. Patricia Louise Donald M.B.E.,, British chairperson of South West Age Partnership (SWAP), was appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire on 29th December 2018 for services to Older People in Northern Ireland [6]
  • Haddon Vivian Donald DSO, MC, ED (1917-2018), New Zealand soldier, businessman and politician, at the time of his death, was the highest-ranking New Zealand army officer of World War II living
  • Chris Donald (b. 1960), founder of the British comic magazine Viz
  • Warren Donald (b. 1964), English-born footballer
  • Mitchell Donald (b. 1988), Dutch footballer
  • Stephen Donald (b. 1983), New Zealand rugby union player
  • Howard Paul Donald (b. 1968), English singer-songwriter, drummer, pianist, dancer, DJ and house producer
  • ... (Another 2 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Donald family

HMS Hood
  • Mr. James H Donald (b. 1923), Scottish Boy 1st Class serving for the Royal Navy from Dundee, Angus, Scotland, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [7]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Archibald Douglas Donald, Canadian 2nd Class passenger residing in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking by escaping in a collapsible [8]

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Citations

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  3. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 73)
  4. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, May 30). Ships' Passenger Lists of Arrivals in New South Wales on (1828 - 1842, 1848 - 1849) [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_nsw_1838_on.pdf
  5. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  6. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62507, 28 December 2018 | London Gazette, The Gazette, Dec. 2018, www.thegazette.co.uk/honours-lists
  7. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  8. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
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