Decave is a name of ancient Anglo-Saxon
origin and comes from the family once having lived in the settlement named Cave in the East Riding of Yorkshire; this area has become the county of Humberside in modern times. The name of this settlement is derived from the name of a nearby river, which in turn derived its name from the Old English word caf,
which means swift.
The surname Decave may also be a variation of the Anglo-Norman name Chaff,
for a bald man. The derivation is from the Old French word chauf,
which means bald.
In this latter case, the Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae listed "Adelina de Cava, and John Cave of Normandy, 1180-95. Wyomar had a grant of Cave, Yorkshire, c. 1090, from Alan, Earl of Richmond and Margaret de Cave and Richard de Cave held from the Church of York c. 1140. The occurrence of the name in Normandy shows the origin of the family, though its name was derived from England." CITATION[CLOSE]
The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
Early Origins of the Decave family
The surname Decave was first found in Lancashire
and Northamptonshire. Stanford in Northamptonshire has a most interesting story about the family.
"Shortly after the Conquest, Guy de Reinbudcurt, one of the Norman companions of William, sold the lordship to Benedict, abbot of the Benedictine monastery of Selby, in Yorkshire. In 1471, John Cave died [as] vicar of Stanford, having, probably, been presented to the living by his brother, then abbot of Selby. After the Dissolution, the manor and advowson were granted by Henry VIII., for the sum of £1194. 3. 4., to Thomas Cave, Esq. The old manor-house of Stanford Hall was situated on the left bank of the Avon in this county; about 1680 it was pulled down by Sir Roger Cave, and a new building was commenced on the right bank, in the county of Leicester, which was completed in 1737. In the church is a series of monuments of the Caves, knights and baronets, commencing in 1558, and all in excellent preservation." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed: Roger de Cave in Lincolnshire; and Robert de Cave in Buckinghamshire. Later the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 listed Willelmus del Cave as living there and holding lands at that time. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Decave family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Decave research.Another 113 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1200, 1655, 1703, 1679, 1680, 1685, 1690, 1681, 1719, 1705, 1637 and 1713 are included under the topic Early Decave History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Decave Spelling Variations
Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations
were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Decave family name include Cave, Cayve, Caive, Caves, Caives, Cayves, Cavey, Cavie, Cavy and many more.
Early Notables of the Decave family (pre 1700)
Notables of this surname at this time include: Sir Ambrose Cave; Sir Thomas Cave, 1st Baronet; and his son, Sir Roger Cave, 2nd Baronet
(1655-1703), an English politician, High Sheriff
of Northamptonshire (1679-1680) and Member... Another 35 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Decave Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Decave family to the New World and Oceana
For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland
, Canada, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Decave surname or a spelling variation of the name include: was the branch which settled in Virginia in the year 1640. The history of this branch of the family name is found in Hayden's Virginia Genealogies; Joe Cave settled in St. Christopher in 1635.
The Decave Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Cave Deus videt
Motto Translation: Beware! God sees.