, one of the original six "Celtic nations" is the homeland to the surname D'estcourt. A revival of the Cornish language which began in the 9th century AD has begun. No doubt this was the language spoken by distant forebears of the D'estcourt family. Though surnames became common during medieval times, English people were formerly known only by a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames
were adopted in medieval England
is fascinating. Many Cornish surnames appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames. The name D'estcourt is a local
type of surname and the D'estcourt family lived in Cornwall
. Their name, however, translates as the dweller at the eastern cottage,
and indicates that the original bearer lived in such a place.
Early Origins of the D'estcourt family
The surname D'estcourt was first found in Cornwall
where they held a family seat
from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest
and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.
Early History of the D'estcourt family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our D'estcourt research.Another 69 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1570, 1624, 1607, 1624, 1668, 1712, 1601, 1668, 1628, 1629, 1676, 1684, 1587, 1563, 1571, 1572, 1584 and 1586 are included under the topic Early D'estcourt History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
D'estcourt Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations
often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall
and the rest of England
. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic
language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Estcourt, Estcott, Estcotte, Eastcourt, Escott and many more.
Early Notables of the D'estcourt family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was Sir Thomas Estcourt (c.
1570-1624), an English lawyer and politician, High Sheriff
in 1607, Member of Parliament for Gloucestershire
in 1624; Sir Edward Estcourt of Salisbury; Richard Estcourt (1668-1712), an early English actor, active playing comedy parts in Dublin; and Sir Giles Estcourt, 1st Baronet (c.
1601-1668), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1628 to 1629, supporter of the Royalist cause in the English Civil War. He was from Newton in... Another 85 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early D'estcourt Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the D'estcourt family to the New World and Oceana
An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name D'estcourt or a variant listed above: Thomas Escott who settled in Virginia in 1680.
D'estcourt Family Crest Products