Show ContentsCurzon History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Curzon was brought to England by the Normans when they conquered the country in 1066. The ancestors of the Curzon family lived in Derbyshire. The family originally lived in Notre Dame de Curson in Calvados, Normandy, and it is from this location that their name derives.

Early Origins of the Curzon family

The surname Curzon was first found in Derbyshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor of Curzon. Geraldine (Giraline) arrived in England with William the Conqueror in 1066 A.D., and attended him at Hastings. Giraline de Curson, Lord of Locking, in Berkshire, name occurs amongst the most munificent benefactors to the Abbey of Abingdon. From him descended the Curzons of Croxhall. [1]

Geraldine came from Notre Dame de Curson in Calvados in Normandy. By 1086, the taking of the Domesday Book survey, his son Hubert had also acquired the lands of West Lockinge in Berkshire. The family also continued in Normandy and Hubert was the Lord of Curson in 1223. [2]

Kedleston Hall in Kedleston, Derbyshire is one of the most well known family seats the Curzon family who have held the estate since 1297. Today it is a National Trust property. "The large and elegant mansion of Farnah Hall [in Duffield, Derbyshire], a seat of the Curzon family, stands in a fine park, near the Wirksworth road." [3]

Robert Curson, De Courcon, De Corcrone or De Curchun (d. 1218), was an early English Cardinal, "born at Kedleston in Derbyshire, was a member of a noble family. He is said to have studied at Oxford, and certainly did so at Paris, where he became a scholar of some eminence, and from Paris went to Rome." [4]

Early History of the Curzon family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Curzon research. Another 124 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1100, 1609, 1599, 1686, 1640, 1648, 1611, 1682, 1657, 1727, 1678, 1750, 1687 and 1765 are included under the topic Early Curzon History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Curzon Spelling Variations

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, Anglo-Norman surnames like Curzon are characterized by many spelling variations. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages such as Norman French and Latin, even literate people regularly changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Curzon include Curzon, Curson, Cursone, Courson, Courzon and others.

Early Notables of the Curzon family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Curzon of Kedleston Hall, High Sheriff of Derbyshire (1609); and his son, Sir John Curzon, 1st Baronet (c.1599-1686), an English politician, Member of Parliament for...
Another 33 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Curzon Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

United States Curzon migration to the United States +

Faced with the chaos present in England at that time, many English families looked towards the open frontiers of the New World with its opportunities to escape oppression and starvation. People migrated to North America, as well as Australia and Ireland in droves, paying exorbitant rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, but those who did see the shores of North America were welcomed with great opportunity. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Curzon, or a variant listed above:

Curzon Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Walter Curzon, aged 29, who arrived in America in 1892
Curzon Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Caroline J. Curzon, aged 36, who arrived in America from London, England, in 1903
  • Emma Curzon, aged 24, who arrived in America from Runcorn, England, in 1904
  • Thomas Curzon, aged 53, who arrived in America from Liverpool, England, in 1905
  • Harry Curzon, aged 20, who arrived in America from Anfield, England, in 1906
  • Joyce Curzon, aged 45, who arrived in America from Anfield, England, in 1906
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Curzon migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Curzon Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Joseph Curzon, English convict who was convicted in Derby, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "David Lyon" on 29th April 1830, arriving in Tasmania (Van Diemen's Land) [5]

Contemporary Notables of the name Curzon (post 1700) +

  • Aria Noelle Curzon (b. 1987), American voice actress, best known as the voice of Ducky in The Land Before Time video series
  • Robert Curzon (1810-1873), 14th Baron Zouche, English traveller, diplomat and author in the Near East, son of Robert Curzon
  • Ephraim Curzon (b. 1883), English rugby union and professional rugby league footballer of the 1900s
  • Sir Clifford Michael Curzon CBE Hon.DMus, F.RAM (1907-1982), English pianist, best known for his interpretations of Mozart and Schubert
  • Robert Curzon (1810-1873), English diplomat and scholar
  • Mr. George Curzon, British sheriff, held the joint position of Sheriff of Nottingham, England from 1578 to 1579
  • Sarah Anne Curzon (1833-1898), née Vincent, a Canadian poet, journalist, editor, and playwright
  • Frederic Curzon (1899-1973), British composer of classical music
  • George Nathaniel Curzon (1859-1925), 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, Viceroy of India and later British Foreign Secretary
  • Sir Horace Curzon Plunkett KCVO, PC, DL, JP, FRS (1854-1932), Irish statesman and agricultural reformer

The Curzon Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Let Curzon holde what Curzon helde
Motto Translation: Let Curzon hold what Curzon held

  1. Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
  2. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  3. Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  4. Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  5. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 3rd June 2021). Retrieved from on Facebook