Culmer History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The name Culmer is of Anglo-Saxon origin and came from when a family lived in either of the settlements called Culham in the counties of Berkshire and Oxfordshire. The surname Culmer belongs to the large category of Anglo-Saxon habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.
Early Origins of the Culmer family
The surname Culmer was first found in Oxfordshire at Culham, a parish, in the union of Abingdon, hundred of Dorchester. 
"This place, which is nearly surrounded by the river Isis, was the occasional retreat of the abbots of Abingdon; and in the ancient manor-house, now occupied as a farmhouse, is a room still called the Abbot's chamber." 
While Oxfordshire is the ancient homestead of the family we must look to Berkshire for the first record of the family. For it is there that Vincent de Culeham was listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of 1212.  From this early start, we must move to the 16th century for the following two listings: John Cullum in the Subsidy Rolls for Suffolk in 1524; and William Culhame, or Colham, or Culme, who was listed in the Register of the University of Oxford in 1570. 
Early History of the Culmer family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Culmer research. Another 87 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1855, 1574, 1633, 1597, 1662, 1587, 1664, 1628, 1680, 1657, 1720, 1690, 1702, 1705, 1674, 1754, 1699, 1774, 1587 and 1664 are included under the topic Early Culmer History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Culmer Spelling Variations
Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Culmer family name include Cullum, Culme, Cullam and others.
Early Notables of the Culmer family (pre 1700)
Notables of this surname at this time include: Sir Hugh Cullum; Sir Henry Culmer (c. 1574-1633), 1st Baron Culmer; and Sir Richard Culmer (1597-1662), English peer; Thomas Cullum (c. 1587-1664), 1st Baronet of Hastede, Suffolk; Thomas Cullum (1628-1680), 2nd Baronet of Hastede; Sir Dudley Cullum, 3rd Baronet of Hastede (1657-1720)...
Another 50 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Culmer Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Culmer family to Ireland
Some of the Culmer family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Culmer migration to the United States +
For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland, the Canadas, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Culmer surname or a spelling variation of the name include :
Culmer Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Mathew Culmer, who arrived in Virginia in 1664 
Contemporary Notables of the name Culmer (post 1700) +
- Wilfred Hillard Culmer (1957-2003), American Major League Baseball player for the Cleveland Indians
- Father John Edwin Culmer (1891-1963), American minister and civil rights leader, known for his work in Miami, Florida
Related Stories +
The Culmer Motto +
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto Translation: Let it be sustained.
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)