Crutchley History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

In ancient Anglo-Saxon England, the ancestors of the Crutchley surname lived as dwellers at the crosslea. The surname Crutchley originally derived from the Old English word cruche which meant cross or crucifix. [1]

Other sources disagree. One source claims the name is from "Crickley; a location name in Gloucestershire." [2] And another claims the name is "from a geographical locality 'of Critchlow,' or 'Chritchlow,' some small spot in Lancashire, probably in the neighbourhood of Chorley. I have failed to discover it." [3]

We can find no record of Chritchlow in Lancashire today.

Early Origins of the Crutchley family

The surname Crutchley was first found in Northumberland where Vkke de Crikelawa was listed in the Pipe Rolls of 1176. Later, John de Cruchelowe was found in Lancashire in 1342. [4]

Early Cheshire records proved to be resourceful. The Wills at Chester include: Richard Crichlow, of Leyland, 1587; John Crichlowe, of Croxton, 1593; and Thomas Chrichlowe, of Leyland, 1606. The use of the spellings Critchley and Chrichlow seemed to be interchangeable as the Preston Guild Rolls record the same person with different spellings at different times: Edmund Crichlow, 1662; and Edmund Critchley, 1682. [3]

The Lancashire Wills at Richmond list Anne Chrichlaw, of Ashtonliank, 1673; and William Critchley, of Lea, 1673.

In Scotland, the spelling used was typically Critchley, and was "recorded in Inverness, doubtless from Critchlow or Chritchlaw, some small spot in Lancashire." [5]

Early History of the Crutchley family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crutchley research. Another 91 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1150, 1200 and 1600 are included under the topic Early Crutchley History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Crutchley Spelling Variations

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Crutchley are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Crutchley include: Critchley, Critchlie, Critchlow, Crichley, Crichlie, Crichly, Critchly, Crichlow, Crichelow, Cricheley, Crichelie, Crichely, Cretchley, Cretchlie, Cretchleigh, Critchleigh, Crichleigh, Cretchlow, Critchloe and many more.

Early Notables of the Crutchley family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Crutchley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Crutchley migration to the United States +

Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Crutchley or a variant listed above:

Crutchley Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Crutchley, who arrived in Maryland or Virginia in 1671 [6]
Crutchley Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Ebenezer Crutchley, aged 1, who immigrated to the United States from England, in 1892
  • Emily Crutchley, aged 21, who landed in America from England, in 1892
  • Mary Crutchley, aged 24, who settled in America, in 1893
Crutchley Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Euphrates Crutchley, aged 22, who immigrated to America from Hantey, England, in 1913
  • Maloina Crutchley, aged 26, who landed in America from Hantey, England, in 1913
  • William Henry Crutchley, aged 46, who landed in America from Hanley, England, in 1914
  • Stuart Crutchley, aged 22, who immigrated to the United States, in 1918
  • Wm. Crutchley, who immigrated to America, in 1919
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Crutchley migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Crutchley Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Thomas Crutchley, English convict who was convicted in Stafford, Staffordshire, England for life, transported aboard the "Eden" on 8th July 1840, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [7]
  • Mr. John Crutchley, English shoe maker who was convicted in Birmingham, England for 7 years for house breaking, transported aboard the "Cornwall" on 28th February 1851, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land), he died in 1878 [8]
  • Elizabeth Crutchley, aged 30, a domestic servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1856 aboard the ship "Nabob"
  • Mr. John Crutchley, English convict who was convicted in Warwick, Warwickshire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Clyde" on 11th March 1863, arriving in Western Australia, Australia [9]

Contemporary Notables of the name Crutchley (post 1700) +

  • George F. Crutchley, American Democratic Party politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Missouri, 1912 [10]
  • Rosalie Crutchley (1920-1997), English actress from London, perhaps best known for her television performances
  • Ronald "Ron" Crutchley (1922-1987), English professional footballer who played in 208 matches from 1945 to 1954
  • Gerald Edward Victor "Gerry" Crutchley (1890-1969), English first-class cricketer who played for Middlesex County Cricket Club and Oxford University between 1910 and 1930
  • Edward Crutchley (1922-1982), English cricketer who played two first-class matches for Middlesex County Cricket Club in 1947
  • Robert 'Bobby' Crutchley (b. 1970), English field hockey player and coach who won a bronze medal at the 1998 Commonwealth Games
  • Percy Crutchley (1855-1940), Irish cricketer who played in three first-class cricket matches, one in each of 1876, 1877 and 1878
  • Josh Crutchley (b. 1987), British basketball player
  • Ernest Tristram Crutchley CB CMG CBE (1878-1940), British civil servant, the first British High Commissioner to Australia
  • Admiral Sir Victor Alexander Charles Crutchley VC, KCB, DSC, DL, RN (1893-1986), British admiral in World War II, recipient of the Victoria Cross


  1. ^ Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
  2. ^ Barber, Henry, British Family Names London: Elliot Stock, 62 Paternoster Row, 1894. Print.
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  5. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 20th October 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/eden
  8. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 11th March 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/cornwall
  9. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th February 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/clyde
  10. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 2) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html


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