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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
The name Crowther is part of the ancient legacy of the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name was taken on by someone who worked as a person who played a crowd, a stringed instrument similar to a fiddle or six-string violin. This instrument was known as a crouth or croude in Old English, and is still known as a crwth in Wales and as a cruit in Ireland. People in the West of England still refer to a fiddle as a crowdy-kit.  Professional musicians of this sort made their livings primarily by playing at medieval fairs and wedding feasts. In Scotland "crowdie" means porridge.
Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, French and other languages became incorporated into English through the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Crowther include Crowder, Crowther, Crouder, Crowdder, Crodare, Crowdair, Crowdere, Crowthers, Crouder, Croader, Croather, Crother, Crawther, Craudder, Crauther, Crauder, Craudair, Crothair, Crowthair, Crowthare, Croder, Crouter, Crowter and many more.
First found in Kent where it is generally understood that the first record of the name was found in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1275 as Richard le Cruder.   A few years later, Hugo le Crouder was listed in Leicestershire in 1278 and Kenwrick le Cruther was listed in the Assize Rolls of Cheshire in 1289.  In Yorkshire, Adam le Crouther was listed in 1296 and Katerina Crowder and Thomas Crouder were listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379. 
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crowther research. Another 207 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1830, 1874, 1642 and 1646 are included under the topic Early Crowther History in all our PDF Extended History products.
More information is included under the topic Early Crowther Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the Crowther family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 55 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.
A great wave of immigration to the New World was the result of the enormous political and religious disarray that struck England at that time. Families left for the New World in extremely large numbers. The long journey was the end of many immigrants and many more arrived sick and starving. Still, those who made it were rewarded with an opportunity far greater than they had known at home in England. These emigrant families went on to make significant contributions to these emerging colonies in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers carried this name or one of its variants:
Crowther Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- John Crowther, who landed in New Hampshire in 1630
- John Crowther who settled in New Hampshire in 1631
Crowther Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- David Crowther, aged 24, arrived in New York in 1812
- William Crowther, who landed in New York in 1838
- Richd Crowther, aged 24, arrived in New York in 1854
- Mary Crowther, aged 59, landed in New York in 1862
Crowther Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
- Edwin Crowther, born in Carlisle, Cumberland, settled in St. John's, Newfoundland, in 1910
- Edwin Crowther, born in Carlisle, England, settled in St. John's, Newfoundland, in 1910
Crowther Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Samuel Crowther landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1842 aboard the ship Birman
- Samuel Crowther, aged 20, a mason, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Birman" in 1842
- Eliza Crowther, aged 18, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Birman" in 1842
- Isaiah Crowther landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1843
- Dixon Crowther arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Edwin Fox" in 1875
- Bosley Crowther (1905-1981), American journalist and film critic for The New York Times for 27 years
- Thomas C. Crowther, American Republican politician, Member of Massachusetts State House of Representatives Eleventh Bristol District, 1923-24
- John Crowther, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Massachusetts, 1908
- George L. Crowther, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Utah, 1940
- George Calhoun Crowther (1849-1914), American Republican politician, Member of Missouri State Legislature; U.S. Representative from Missouri 4th District, 1895-97
- Frank Crowther (1870-1955), American Republican politician, Member of New Jersey State House of Assembly from Middlesex County, 1906-07; U.S. Representative from New York 30th District, 1919-43
- Charles Crowther (1831-1894), English-born, Australian politician, member of the Western Australian Legislative Council (1873 to 1887)
- Geoffrey Crowther (1907-1972), Baron Crowther, English economist
- Mr. John George Crowther (d. 1914), British Leading Fireman from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking on May 29th 1914
- William Lodewyk Crowther FRCS (1817-1885), Australian politician, Premier of Tasmania (1878 to 1879)
- ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
- Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
- Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
- Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
- Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
- Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
- Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
- Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
- Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
- Elster, Robert J. International Who's Who. London: Europa/Routledge. Print.
The Crowther Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Crowther Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 18 January 2016 at 10:36.
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