Show ContentsCrouch History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Crouch is a name whose history is connected to the ancient Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the Crouch family once lived near a crossroads. The name is derived from the Old English word crouch, and/or cruc.

Early Origins of the Crouch family

The surname Crouch was first found in Somerset where John atte Crouche was the first listing of the family 1, Edward III (during the first year of the reign of King Edward III.) [1]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed: John atte Cruche (no county); Millesenta Cruche, Norfolk; and Robert Cruche, Norfolk. [2]

"This surname is derived from a geographical locality. 'at the cross,' i.e. the roadside or market-cross, once so familiar a sight at the intersection of the great country thoroughfares, or in the chartered market-steads. Crouch still lingers in our 'crutched' or 'crouched friars.' Langland describes a pilgrim as having 'many a crouch' embroidered 'on his cloke.' Blomefield says of an old Norwich church, 'St. Crowche's was dedicated in honour of the Invention of the Holy Cross, but is now totally demolished; the churchyard is still surrounded with common lanes or passages'." [3]

The word crouch "was applied in general to such crosses as stood at the intersection of two roads and although they have long disappeared, they have left the name of 'cross' and 'crouch' upon many localities, especially in the South of England. In Sussex, where the name is one of the oldest indigenous designations (especially in the Cinque Ports) it is found in the forms of Crouch and De Cruce, 20 Edw. I." [4]

In Scotland, the name was derived "from a residence at or near a roadside cross or crucifix, ME. crouche. The surname is more English than Scottish. Johannes Crooch witnessed a confirmation charter by Alexander Cumyn, earl of Buchan, to the canons of St. Andrews. John Cruche was burgess of the Canongate, Edinburgh, 1567." [5]

Early History of the Crouch family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crouch research. Another 114 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1200, 1607, 1679, 1660, 1679, 1635, 1671, 1679, 1660, 1681, 1635, 1628, 1710, 1628, 1775, 1780 and 1786 are included under the topic Early Crouch History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Crouch Spelling Variations

Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Crouch family name include Crouch, Crooch, Croucher, Croutch, Crowch, Crowcher, Crouche and many more.

Early Notables of the Crouch family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: Thomas Crouch (1607-1679), an English academic and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1679. Humphrey Crouch or Crowch (fl. 1635-1671), was an English ballad-writer and pamphleteer, probably belonged to the family of publishers named Crouch, who traded largely in popular literature in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. "Mr. Halliwell-Phillipps has suggested that Humphrey was brother of John Crouch, the Royalist verse-writer. It is equally likely that he stood in the same relation to Edward Crouch or Crowch, John Crouch's publisher, and that he was father or uncle of Nathaniel...
Another 310 words (22 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crouch Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Crouch Ranking

In the United States, the name Crouch is the 1,209th most popular surname with an estimated 24,870 people with that name. [6] However, in Australia, the name Crouch is ranked the 685th most popular surname with an estimated 5,725 people with that name. [7]

United States Crouch migration to the United States +

For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland, Canada, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Crouch surname or a spelling variation of the name include:

Crouch Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Mr. Thomas Crouch, aged 30, who arrived in Virginia in 1619 aboard the "Bona Nova" [8]
  • Richard Crouch, aged 27, who landed in Virginia in 1622-1623 [9]
  • Richard, Nicholas, and Richard, Crouch who, who settled in Virginia in 1623
  • Richard Crouch, who arrived in Virginia in 1623 [9]
  • Thomas Crouch, who arrived in Jamestown, Va in 1624 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Crouch Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Henry Crouch, who settled in Maryland in 1760
Crouch Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Sarni Crouch, who landed in America in 1823 [9]
  • Levi Crouch, who arrived in New York in 1842 [9]

Australia Crouch migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Crouch Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Miss Elizabeth Crouch, (b. 1783), aged 17, British Convict who was convicted in London, England for 7 years for theft, transported aboard the "Earl Cornwallis" in August 1800, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, she died in 1852 [10]
  • Mr. John Crouch, British Convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Countess of Harcourt" on 8th April 1821, arriving in Tasmania (Van Diemen's Land) [11]
  • Thomas Brick and Crouch, a tile-maker, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Mr. James Crouch, English convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Emperor Alexander"on 6th April 1833, arriving in Tasmania (Van Diemen's Land) [12]
  • Joshua Crouch and his wife arrived in Port Adelaide aboard the ship "Apolline" in 1840 [13]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Crouch migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Crouch Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Miss Cherry Crouch, (b. 1828), aged 22, British domestic servant travelling from London aboard the ship "Randolph" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand in September 1850 [14]

Contemporary Notables of the name Crouch (post 1700) +

  • Janice Wendell Bethany "Jan" Crouch (1938-2016), American religious broadcaster, co-founder of the Trinity Broadcasting Network (TBN) in 1978
  • Paul Crouch (b. 1934), American founder of the largest Christian Television Network, Trinity Broadcasting Network
  • Stanley Lawrence Crouch (1945-2020), American poet, music and cultural critic, syndicated columnist, novelist, and biographer
  • Leonard Callender Crouch (1866-1953), American lawyer and politician
  • Eric Eugene Crouch (b. 1978), American NFL quarterback
  • Wilmer Elmer "Bill" Crouch (1907-1980), American Major League Baseball pitcher
  • William Henry "Bill" Crouch (1886-1945), American Major League Baseball pitcher
  • Dennis David Crouch (b. 1975), American patent attorney and associate professor at the University of Missouri School of Law in Columbia, Missouri
  • Roger Keith Crouch (b. 1940), American scientist who flew as a payload specialist on two NASA Space Shuttle missions in 1997
  • Anna Maria Crouch (1763-1805), English actress in London and mistress of King George IV; daughter of Peregrine Phillips, a lawyer of Welsh extraction [15]
  • ... (Another 3 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Hood
  • Mr. Cecil H Crouch (b. 1909), English Regulating Petty Officer serving for the Royal Navy from Stockbridge, Hampshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the HMS Hood sinking [16]

Suggested Readings for the name Crouch +

  • Family Ties of Broyles and Related Families (including the Crouch Family) by Mr. and Mrs. John A. Broyles.
  • Saints and Black Sheep by Kenneth Crouch.

  1. Dickinson, F.H., Kirby's Quest for Somerset of 16th of Edward the 3rd London: Harrison and Sons, Printers in Ordinary to Her Majesty, St, Martin's Lane, 1889. Print.
  2. Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. Rye, Walter, A History of Norfolk. London: Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, 1885. Print
  4. Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  5. Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  6. "What are the 5,000 Most Common Last Names in the U.S.?".,
  7. "Most Common Last Names in Australia." Forebears,
  8. Pilgrim Ship's of 1600's Retrieved January 6th 2023, retrieved from
  9. Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  10. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 13th August 2021). Retrieved from
  11. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 24th March 2021). Retrieved from
  12. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 11th April 2022).
  13. State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) APOLLINE 1840. Retrieved from
  14. New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from
  15. Wikisource contributors. "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900." Wikisource . Wikisource , 4 Jun. 2018. Web. 30 June 2020
  16. H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from on Facebook