Cross History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Anglo-Saxon name Cross comes from the family having resided as dwellers at a cross or crucifix. The surname Cross originally derived from the Old English word crosse, which means cross. [1] [2] [3]

Early Origins of the Cross family

The surname Cross was first found in Lincolnshire. The name was first found to be in the southern English counties of Lincolnshire, Buckingham, and Oxfordshire, about the year 1250. By the year 1340 the most important branch of the name had moved northward to Lancashire, and established manors and estates at Crosse Hall, just outside Liverpool. This branch also moved into the Cross of Ledsham to the south in the county of Cheshire.

The Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379 included: Johannes del Crosse; Johanna del Crosse; and Andreas de la Croys while the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 still had a few Latin entries for the family: Jordan ad Crucem, Buckinghamshire; Humfrey de Cruce, Oxfordshire; and Conan ad Crucem, Lincolnshire. [3]

The name is "rare or absent in the northern counties, and in the south coast counties. Mostly confined to the east centre of England and to the adjacent coast counties between the Wash and the Thames." [4]

In Norfolk, Thomas atte-cross, was Rector of Bexwell, Norfolk (no date given) [5]

In Lancashire, Richard del Crosse was found there in the Assize Rolls of 1285 and later William atte Cros was listed in the Subsidy Rolls for Suffolk in 1327. [6]

Early History of the Cross family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cross research. Another 74 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1718, 1630, 1689, 1646, 1672, 1674, 1686, 1630, 1660, 1633, 1616, 1698, 1641, 1662, 1671, 1680, 1689, 1691, 1632, 1682, 1655, 1606, 1683, 1621, 1627, 1664, 1738, 1700, 1762 and are included under the topic Early Cross History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cross Spelling Variations

Cross has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Spelling variants included: Cross, Crosse, Croce, Crosce, Croise, Croice and others.

Early Notables of the Cross family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: John Cross (1630-1689), Franciscan friar, a native of Norfolk, and his real name appears to have been More. He took the habit of St. Francis in or about 1646, and was declared D.D. on 12 Oct. 1672. On 10 May 1674 he was elected provincial of his order in England for three years, and being re-elected on 25 April 1686. [7] Michael Cross ( fl. 1630-1660), the painter, obtained great renown as a copyist in the reign of Charles I. He is doubtless identical with Miguel de la Cruz, a painter at Madrid, who in...
Another 331 words (24 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cross Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cross World Ranking

In the United States, the name Cross is the 349th most popular surname with an estimated 77,097 people with that name. [8] However, in Canada, the name Cross is ranked the 587th most popular surname with an estimated 8,562 people with that name. [9] And in Newfoundland, Canada, the name Cross is the 659th popular surname with an estimated 67 people with that name. [10] Australia ranks Cross as 209th with 15,869 people. [11] New Zealand ranks Cross as 216th with 2,648 people. [12] The United Kingdom ranks Cross as 202nd with 28,400 people. [13]

Ireland Migration of the Cross family to Ireland

Some of the Cross family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Cross migration to the United States +

In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Crosss to arrive on North American shores:

Cross Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Cross, who landed in Ipswich, Massachusetts in 1635 [14]
  • Robert Cross, who arrived in Ipswich, Massachusetts in 1639 [14]
  • Katherine Cross, who arrived in Virginia in 1643 [14]
  • Nich Cross, who arrived in Virginia in 1643 [14]
  • Jane Cross, who arrived in Virginia in 1649 [14]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cross Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Cha Cross, who landed in Virginia in 1705 [14]
  • Francis Cross, who arrived in Virginia in 1711 [14]
  • Richard Cross, who landed in Virginia in 1739 [14]
  • Ellioner Cross, who arrived in Virginia in 1743 [14]
  • William Cross, who arrived in Georgia in 1743 [14]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cross Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Elizabeth Cross, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1811 [14]
  • James, Cross Jr., aged 23, who landed in New York in 1812 [14]
  • Margaret Cross, who landed in New York, NY in 1815 [14]
  • Sarah Cross, aged 28, who arrived in America in 1822 [14]
  • Daniel Cross, who arrived in Charleston, South Carolina in 1828 [14]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Cross migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Cross Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Charles Cross, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Ebenezer Cross, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • William Cross, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Mr. Cross, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Mr. Henry Cross U.E. who settled in Eastern District [Cornwall], Ontario c. 1783 [15]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cross Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Richard Cross, who landed in Prince Edward Island in 1817
  • Caldwell Cross, aged 19, a carpenter, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Leslie Gault" in 1833
  • Laurence Cross, aged 23, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Sea Horse" from Galway, Ireland
  • Mr. Hugh Cross, aged 18 who immigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "Huron" departing from the port of Belfast, Ireland but died on Grosse Isle in July 1847 [16]

Australia Cross migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Cross Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Hugh Cross, British Convict who was convicted in Lancaster, Lancashire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Earl Cornwallis" in August 1800, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [17]
  • Mr. Andrew Cross, Irish convict who was convicted in Queen's County, Ireland for life, transported aboard the "Atlas" on 29th November 1801, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [18]
  • Mr. Samuel Cross, (John), British convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Calcutta" in February 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, the settlement was listed as abandoned and most of the convicts transported to Tasmania on the "Queen" in 1804 [19]
  • Mr. James Cross, English convict who was convicted in Surrey, England for 14 years, transported aboard the "Asiatic" on 5th June 1819, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [18]
  • John Cross, English convict from Cambridge, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on October 22nd, 1824, settling in New South Wales, Australia [20]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Cross migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Cross Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • John Cross, aged 27, a farm labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
  • George Cross, aged 17, a farm labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
  • William Cross, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Henry Cross, aged 27, a baker, who arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship "Lady Nugent" in 1841
  • H. Cross, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Lady Nugent" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 17th March 1841 [21]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Cross (post 1700) +

  • Irvin Acie "Irv" Cross (1939-2021), American professional football player and sportscaster
  • Jim Cross (1937-2020), American ice hockey player and coach
  • William Jarrel "Billy" Cross (1929-2013), nicknamed "Canadian Comet," an American NFL football running back for the Chicago Cardinals and the Toronto Argonauts
  • Dennis Cross (1924-1991), American actor, best known for his role on the television series The Blue Angels
  • Christopher Cross (b. 1951), born Christopher Charles Geppert, American five-time Grammy award winner and Golden Globe winning singer-songwriter
  • Amos C. Cross (1860-1888), American Major League baseball player
  • John O. Cross, American fighter pilot and flying ace in the U.S. Army Air Forces, during World War II, credited with 5 aerial victories
  • Mrs. Bert Cross, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Arizona, 1960 [22]
  • Alvin B. Cross, American politician, Member of New Hampshire State Senate 10th District, 1911-12 [22]
  • Alton W. Cross, American Democratic Party politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1952 [22]
  • ... (Another 99 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Hood
  • Mr. Robert C Cross (b. 1920), English Cook (O) serving for the Royal Navy from Newport, Isle of Wight, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [23]
  • Mr. William K R Cross, English Commander serving for the Royal Navy from Belbroughton, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [23]
  • Mr. Joseph B Cross (b. 1915), English Petty Officer serving for the Royal Navy from Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [23]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Walter Sydney Cross, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [24]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. George Cross, British Stoker, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [25]
  • Mr. Ivor George Harry Cross (b. 1920), English Able Bodied Seaman from Kettering, Northamptonshire, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [25]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Fred Cross, British Leading Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [26]
  • Eric Victor Alfred Cross (1919-1939), British Engine Room Artificer 5th Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [26]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Charles Ivor Cross, American 3rd Class passenger from Camden, New Jersey, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [27]
  • Mr. Andrew Cross, English Fireman from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [28]
  • Mr. Ambrose Betham Cross, English 1st Class Passenger residing in Federated Malay States going to Liverpool, England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [28]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. William Alfred Cross (d. 1912), aged 43, English Fireman/Stoker from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [29]


The Cross Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Cruce dum spero fido
Motto Translation: Whilst I have breath I confide in the cross.


Suggested Readings for the name Cross +

  • A Lineal Genealogy of the Wilson Cross Family and Allied Families by Lillian E. Good.
  • My Cross and Hand Families by Jeanne Hand Henry.

  1. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York: Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  2. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  5. ^ Rye, Walter, A History of Norfolk. London: Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, 1885. Print
  6. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  7. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  8. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  9. ^ https://forebears.io/surnames/
  10. ^ The order of Common Surnames in 1955 in Newfoundland retrieved on 20th October 2021 (retrieved from Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland by E.R. Seary corrected edition ISBN 0-7735-1782-0)
  11. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
  12. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  13. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  14. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  15. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  16. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 22)
  17. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 13th August 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/earl-cornwallis
  18. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 14th July 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/atlas
  19. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/calcutta
  20. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1824 with 9 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1824
  21. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  22. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 17) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  23. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  24. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  25. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  26. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  27. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  28. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  29. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html


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