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Cromwell History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms



The roots of the Anglo-Saxon name Cromwell come from when the family resided in the parish of Cromwell in the county of Nottinghamshire, a diocese of Lincolnshire.

Early Origins of the Cromwell family


The surname Cromwell was first found in Lincolnshire at Tattershall where they claim descent from the time of King John as Lords Cromwell of Tateshall (Tattershall) Castle. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.

Some of the earliest records of the name include: Ralph de Cromwella, de Crumwella who was listed in the Pipe Rolls of 1177 and 1199 of Nottinghamshire. [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
John de Cromwell (d. c. 1335) was the 1st Baron Cromwell.

"The manor-house [of South Wingfield, Derbyshire], now an interesting ruin, was a splendid edifice, erected by Ralph, Lord Cromwell, in the reign of Henry VI., and afterwards, for several generations, one of the principal seats of the earls of Shrewsbury. Mary, Queen of Scots, while in the custody of George, the sixth earl, passed some months here in 1569, and was also here in Nov. and Dec. 1584." [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), one of most controversial figures in the history of the British Isles was born in Huntingdon. By 1653, he was the 1st Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, a position that held held until his death of natural causes. He was buried in Westminster Abbey, but when the Royalists returned to power in 1660, they had his corpse dug up, hung in chains, and beheaded.


Early History of the Cromwell family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cromwell research.
Another 334 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1485, 1540, 1534, 1539, 1540, 1655, 1589, 1625, 1599, 1658, 1644, 1658, 1598, 1665, 1624, 1668, 1653, 1682, 1625, 1687, 1628, 1674, 1653, 1660, 1626, 1712, 1658, 1659, 1637 and 1713 are included under the topic Early Cromwell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cromwell Spelling Variations


The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries; therefore, spelling variations are common among early Anglo-Saxon names. As the form of the English language changed, even the spelling of literate people's names evolved. Cromwell has been recorded under many different variations, including Cromwell, Cromwelle, Cromville, Cromewell, Cromwill, Cromwille, Cromevill, Cromnvell and many more.

Early Notables of the Cromwell family (pre 1700)


Distinguished members of the family include Sir Oliver Cromwell (died 1655), an English landowner, lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1589 and 1625, uncle of Oliver Cromwell; Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658); an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth...
Another 155 words (11 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cromwell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Cromwell family to Ireland


Some of the Cromwell family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 78 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Cromwell family to the New World and Oceana


For many English families, the political and religious disarray that shrouded England made the far away New World an attractive prospect. On cramped disease-ridden ships, thousands migrated to those British colonies that would eventually become Canada and the United States. Those hardy settlers that survived the journey often went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Cromwell or a variant listed above:

Cromwell Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Samuel Cromwell, who settled in North America in 1634
  • Samuel Cromwell, who landed in Massachusetts in 1634 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Giles Cromwell who settled in Newbury in 1648
  • Thomas Cromwell, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1649 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • John Cromwell, who settled in Boston in 1652
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Cromwell Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Isaac Cromwell, aged 22, who landed in New York in 1812 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Samuel Cromwell, aged 39, who arrived in South Carolina in 1812 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • J Cromwell, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • B Cromwell, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Cromwell Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Mr. Josiah Cromwell U.E. who settled in Portland [North End], Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1783 [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X

Cromwell Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Thomas Cromwell, who landed in Canada in 1834
  • James Cromwell, who landed in Canada in 1836

Cromwell Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • James Cromwell, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1842 aboard the ship Jane Gifford
  • Alexander Cromwell, aged 29, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jane Gifford" in 1842
  • John Cromwell, aged 25, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jane Gifford" in 1842
  • John Cromwell, aged 3, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jane Gifford" in 1842
  • Mary Cromwell, aged 1, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jane Gifford" in 1842
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Cromwell (post 1700)


  • Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), English military and political leader, Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland
  • Dean Bartlett Cromwell (1879-1962), nicknamed "Maker of Champions", an American athletic coach in multiple sports, head coach for the U.S. track team at the 1948 Olympic Games
  • Nolan Neil Cromwell (b. 1955), American football player and coach
  • Chad Cromwell (b. 1957), American drummer, best known for his work with Neil Young, Mark Knopfler and with Joe Walsh
  • Richard Cromwell (1910-1960), born LeRoy Melvin Radabaugh, an American actor, best known for his roles in Jezebel (1938), The Lives of a Bengal Lancer (1935) and Young Mr. Lincoln (1939)
  • Captain John Philip Cromwell (1901-1943), American submariner awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1943, eponym of the USS Cromwell (DE-1014), a Dealey-class destroyer escort [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    John Cromwell. (Retrieved 2010, September 27) John Cromwell. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_P._Cromwell
  • Elwood Dager "John" Cromwell (1887-1979), highly regarded American film actor and stage and film director who was blacklisted
  • William Nelson Cromwell (1854-1948), American attorney who co-founded Sullivan & Cromwell LLP, an international law firm headquartered in New York in 1879
  • James Oliver Cromwell (b. 1940), American actor nominated for an Oscar, three Emmy Awards, and four Screen Actors Guild Awards [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    James Cromwell. (Retrieved 2010, September 27) James Cromwell. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Cromwell
  • James Henry Roberts Cromwell (1896-1990), American diplomat and candidate for the United States Senate [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    James Cromwell. (Retrieved 2010, September 27) James Cromwell. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_H._R._Cromwell
  • ... (Another 4 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Suggested Readings for the name Cromwell


  • Cromwells of Maryland, Kentucky and Clay County, Indiana: 1667 to 1900 by Jean Cromwell Price.
  • just Folk: The Crowell (and Cromwell) Family by Joyce Parker Hervey.

Cromwell Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  6. ^ John Cromwell. (Retrieved 2010, September 27) John Cromwell. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_P._Cromwell
  7. ^ James Cromwell. (Retrieved 2010, September 27) James Cromwell. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Cromwell
  8. ^ James Cromwell. (Retrieved 2010, September 27) James Cromwell. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_H._R._Cromwell

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