The name Criton comes from the Boernician
Scottish-English border region. The Criton family lived near a border. This surname came from the Gaelic word crioch
and the Old English word tune,
which mean border
and farm or settlement,
respectively. Thus, the surname indicates that the original bearer lived near a border. The name may also have derived from a place name, such as Crichton, near Edinburgh, or the territories of Kreiton in Lothian.
Early Origins of the Criton family
The surname Criton was first found in Midlothian
, where they held a family seat
from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest
and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D. The first on record was Turstan Crectune, who was granted lands by King David of Scotland
in 1128. Alexander and Thomas Creighton both having territories in Berwickshire
rendered homage to King Edward I
on his brief conquest of Scotland
, in 1296. CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
Early History of the Criton family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Criton research.Another 244 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1514, 1450, 1585, 1543, 1612, 1593, 1672, 1598, 1691, 1560, 1582, 1902, 1797 and are included under the topic Early Criton History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Criton Spelling Variations
Since medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, and since there were no consistent rules for the translation of rules from Gaelic to English, spelling variations
are extremely common in Boernician
names of this vintage. Criton has been spelled Crichton, Creighton, Creaton, Craighton, Creton, Creeton, Crichten, Crighton, Chreichton, Creichtone, Creychton, Creychtoun and many more.
Early Notables of the Criton family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was Lord Crichton, Viscount Frendraught; William Crichton, 1st Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (died 1450s) ; Robert Crichton (died 1585), Catholic cleric, nephew of George Crichton, (d. 1543), Bishop of Dunkeld; and Robert Crichton, 6th Lord Sanquhar (died 1612); Robert Creighton or Crichton (1593-1672), a... Another 88 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Criton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Criton family to Ireland
Some of the Criton family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 235 words (17 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Criton family to the New World and Oceana
Many of the Boernician-Scottish families who crossed the Atlantic settled along the eastern seaboard in communities that would become the backbone of the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. In the War of Independence
, American families that remained loyal to the Crown moved north into Canada and became known as United Empire Loyalists. The ancestral culture of all of these proud Scottish families remains alive in North America in the 20th century through Clan
societies and highland games. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Criton or a variant listed above:
Criton Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- John Criton, who arrived in New England in 1719 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)