family in ancient Scotland
first used the name Crichtend. They lived near a border. This surname came from the Gaelic word crioch
and the Old English word tune,
which mean border
and farm or settlement,
respectively. Thus, the surname indicates that the original bearer lived near a border. The name may also have derived from a place name, such as Crichton, near Edinburgh, or the territories of Kreiton in Lothian.
Early Origins of the Crichtend family
The surname Crichtend was first found in Midlothian
, where they held a family seat
from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest
and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D. The first on record was Turstan Crectune, who was granted lands by King David of Scotland
in 1128. Alexander and Thomas Creighton both having territories in Berwickshire
rendered homage to King Edward I
on his brief conquest of Scotland
, in 1296. CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
Early History of the Crichtend family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crichtend research.Another 244 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1514, 1450, 1585, 1543, 1612, 1593, 1672, 1598, 1691, 1560, 1582, 1902, 1797 and are included under the topic Early Crichtend History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Crichtend Spelling Variations
Scribes in the Middle Ages simply spelled according to sound. The result is an enormous number of spelling variations
among names that evolved in that era. Crichtend has been spelled Crichton, Creighton, Creaton, Craighton, Creton, Creeton, Crichten, Crighton, Chreichton, Creichtone, Creychton, Creychtoun and many more.
Early Notables of the Crichtend family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was Lord Crichton, Viscount Frendraught; William Crichton, 1st Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (died 1450s) ; Robert Crichton (died 1585), Catholic cleric, nephew of George Crichton, (d. 1543), Bishop of Dunkeld; and Robert Crichton, 6th Lord Sanquhar (died 1612); Robert Creighton or Crichton (1593-1672), a... Another 88 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crichtend Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Crichtend family to Ireland
Some of the Crichtend family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 235 words (17 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Crichtend family to the New World and Oceana
Most of the Boernician-Scottish families who came to North America settled on the eastern seaboard of what would become the United States and Canada. Families who wanted a new order stayed south in the War of Independence
, while those who were still loyal to the crown went north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. In the 20th century, the ancestors of these families have gone on to rediscover their heritage through Clan
societies and other patriotic Scottish organizations. Research into the origins of individual families in North America has revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Crichtend or a variant listed above: John Crichton who settled in New Jersey in 1686; James Crichton settled in New York in 1820; James Critton settled in Potomac Maryland in 1747; Ann Crighton settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1774.