The name Crichon comes from the Boernician
Scottish-English border region. The Crichon family lived near a border. This surname came from the Gaelic word crioch
and the Old English word tune,
which mean border
and farm or settlement,
respectively. Thus, the surname indicates that the original bearer lived near a border. The name may also have derived from a place name, such as Crichton, near Edinburgh, or the territories of Kreiton in Lothian.
Early Origins of the Crichon family
The surname Crichon was first found in Midlothian
, where they held a family seat
from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest
and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D. The first on record was Turstan Crectune, who was granted lands by King David of Scotland
in 1128. Alexander and Thomas Creighton both having territories in Berwickshire
rendered homage to King Edward I
on his brief conquest of Scotland
, in 1296. CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
Early History of the Crichon family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crichon research.Another 244 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1514, 1450, 1585, 1543, 1612, 1593, 1672, 1598, 1691, 1560, 1582, 1902, 1797 and are included under the topic Early Crichon History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Crichon Spelling Variations
Since medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, and since there were no consistent rules for the translation of rules from Gaelic to English, spelling variations
are extremely common in Boernician
names of this vintage. Crichon has been spelled Crichton, Creighton, Creaton, Craighton, Creton, Creeton, Crichten, Crighton, Chreichton, Creichtone, Creychton, Creychtoun and many more.
Early Notables of the Crichon family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was Lord Crichton, Viscount Frendraught; William Crichton, 1st Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (died 1450s) ; Robert Crichton (died 1585), Catholic cleric, nephew of George Crichton, (d. 1543), Bishop of Dunkeld; and Robert Crichton, 6th Lord Sanquhar (died 1612); Robert Creighton or Crichton (1593-1672), a... Another 88 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crichon Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Crichon family to Ireland
Some of the Crichon family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 235 words (17 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Crichon family to the New World and Oceana
Many of the Boernician-Scottish families who crossed the Atlantic settled along the eastern seaboard in communities that would become the backbone of the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. In the War of Independence
, American families that remained loyal to the Crown moved north into Canada and became known as United Empire Loyalists. The ancestral culture of all of these proud Scottish families remains alive in North America in the 20th century through Clan
societies and highland games. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Crichon or a variant listed above: John Crichton who settled in New Jersey in 1686; James Crichton settled in New York in 1820; James Critton settled in Potomac Maryland in 1747; Ann Crighton settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1774.