The ancestors of the name Creichton stretch back to a family in the Boernician
tribe of ancient Scotland
. They lived near a border. This surname came from the Gaelic word crioch
and the Old English word tune,
which mean border
and farm or settlement,
respectively. Thus, the surname indicates that the original bearer lived near a border. The name may also have derived from a place name, such as Crichton, near Edinburgh, or the territories of Kreiton in Lothian.
Early Origins of the Creichton family
The surname Creichton was first found in Midlothian
, where they held a family seat
from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest
and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D. The first on record was Turstan Crectune, who was granted lands by King David of Scotland
in 1128. Alexander and Thomas Creighton both having territories in Berwickshire
rendered homage to King Edward I
on his brief conquest of Scotland
, in 1296. CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
Early History of the Creichton family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Creichton research.Another 177 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1514, 1450, 1585, 1543, 1612, 1593, 1672, 1598, 1691, 1560, 1582, 1902, 1797 and are included under the topic Early Creichton History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Creichton Spelling Variations
Spelling rules only evolved in the last few centuries with the invention of the printing press and the first dictionaries. Spelling variations
are extremely common in names from before that period. Creichton has been spelled Crichton, Creighton, Creaton, Craighton, Creton, Creeton, Crichten, Crighton, Chreichton, Creichtone, Creychton, Creychtoun and many more.
Early Notables of the Creichton family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was Lord Crichton, Viscount Frendraught; William Crichton, 1st Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (died 1450s) ; Robert Crichton (died 1585), Catholic cleric, nephew of George Crichton, (d. 1543), Bishop of Dunkeld; and Robert Crichton, 6th Lord Sanquhar (died 1612); Robert Creighton or Crichton (1593-1672), a Scottish royalist churchman, Bishop of Bath and Wells; William Crichton (1598-1691), 2nd Earl of Dumfries; and James Crichton of... Another 69 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Creichton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Creichton family to Ireland
Some of the Creichton family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 80 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Creichton family to the New World and Oceana
After making their great crossing, many Boernician-Scottish families settled along the east coast of North America. When the War of Independence
broke out, United Empire Loyalists moved north to Canada while the rest stayed to fight. The ancestors of many of these Scots still populate the continent. This century, through Clan
societies and other Scottish organizations, they began to rediscover their collective national heritage. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Creichton or a variant listed above: John Crichton who settled in New Jersey in 1686; James Crichton settled in New York in 1820; James Critton settled in Potomac Maryland in 1747; Ann Crighton settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1774.
Creichton Family Crest Products
- ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)