Crauster is a name of ancient Anglo-Saxon
origin and comes from the family once having lived in the village of Craster, a fishing village located on the coast of the North Sea, northeast of Alnwick.
Early Origins of the Crauster family
The surname Crauster was first found in Northumberland
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor at ancient Craucestre a barony outside Alnwick in that shire. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. The Domesday Book
did not include the county of Northumberland
. King William the Conqueror believed he had laid Northumberland
waste in 1069. We are therefore unable to distinguish the Norman Baron
who held Craucestre, with certainty but we do know that Alnwick was held by Baron
John of Alnwick and may be the ancestor of the Craster surname. John had married Beatrice, daughter of Ivo de Visci and acquired Alnwick.
Early History of the Crauster family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crauster research.Another 213 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1242 and 1299 are included under the topic Early Crauster History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Crauster Spelling Variations
Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations
were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Crauster family name include Craster, Crawcester, Craucestre, Craucester, Crawster and many more.
Early Notables of the Crauster family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Crauster Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Crauster family to the New World and Oceana
For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland
, Canada, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Crauster surname or a spelling variation of the name include: William Craster settled in Virginia in 1716.