Cranley History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Early Origins of the Cranley family

The surname Cranley was first found in Ulster (Irish: Ulaidh), where they held a family seat but were also to be found in County Offaly and Galway. The sept is styled the Princes of Crich Cualgne and are descended from Cu-Ulladh, a Prince in 576. Descended was Cronghall, in 935, Lord of Conaille, the first to style himself O'Connelly. Irish history was greatly influenced by the Norman invasion of 1172, and thereafter, the surnames of Irish Gaelic clanns and septs and many of the Norman families became almost indistinguishable.

One of the first records of the family was Thomas Cranley (1337?-1417), Archbishop of Dublin, who studied at Oxford. In 1390, he was Cchancellor of the university. "Besides being archbishop, Cranley was Chancellor of Ireland under Henry IV, and Lord Justice under Henry V." [1]

Early History of the Cranley family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cranley research. Another 140 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1397, 1651, 1635 and 1635 are included under the topic Early Cranley History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cranley Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Cronnelly, Cronnely, Cronelly, O'Cronnelly, Cronley, Cronlay, O'Cronley, Cranley, Cranelly, O'Cranelly, Cranlie and many more.

Early Notables of the Cranley family (pre 1700)

Another 40 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cranley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Cranley migration to the United States +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Cranley Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Joseph Cranley, who settled in America in 1763

Canada Cranley migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Cranley Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Kennedy Cranley, who settled in Ontario in 1871
  • Ellen Cranley, who arrived in Ontario in 1871

Australia Cranley migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Cranley Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. John Cranley, English convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for life, transported aboard the "Champion" on 24th May 1827, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [2]

Contemporary Notables of the name Cranley (post 1700) +

  • John Cranley, American Democrat politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Ohio 1st District, 2000 [3]
  • Cranley Gordon Douglas Onslow KCMG, PC (1926-2001), British politician


  1. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  2. ^ Convict Records of Australia (Retreived 18th January 2021, retreived from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/champion)
  3. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 13) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html


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