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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: English, French


The name Cotton is of Anglo-Saxon origin and came from when a family lived in one of a number of similarly named settlements throughout England. Coton is found in Cambridgeshire, while Cotton was in Cheshire. There are places called Coatham in Durham and the North Riding of Yorkshire. Cotham is in Nottinghamshire. Settlements named Cottam exist in both Nottinghamshire and the East Riding of Yorkshire. All of these names stem from the Old English phrase ęt cotum, which means at the cottages. Thus, the surname Cotton belongs to the class of topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees.

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Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Cotton family name include Cotton, Coton, Cotten, Coten, Cottan, Kotton, Kotten, Koten, Kottan, Cottun, Cotun, Kotun, Kottun, Cottune, Cotune, Cottane, Cottain, Kottain, Kottaun, Cottaun, Kuttune, Cottone, Cottaune and many more.

First found in Huntingdonshire where the Cotton spelling is listed in the Domesday Book as resident of the Toseland hundred, in the land of the Bishop of Lincoln. [1] They were traditional Lords of the manor of Connington. The Coton spelling boasts no fewer than seven listing in the Domesday Book in various counties. The first record of the name was found in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 where Robert de Cottone was listed in Cambridgeshire. The same rolls also listed Richard de Cottoune in the same shire, Ralph de Cotun in Northumberland and Richard de Cotton in Norfolk. [2] The parish of Denton in Huntingdonshire was the family seat of the family in later years. "The church [of Denton] was partly rebuilt about 1665, by Sir John Cotton. Sir Robert Bruce Cotton, whose manuscripts are now in the British Museum, was born here in 1570." [3] Over in Steeple Gidding another record of the family was found. "Here was a large mansion, the residence of the Cotton family; the avenue to it still remains, and some of the existing cottages are built of the materials which formed the stables." [3]


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cotton research. Another 437 words (31 lines of text) covering the years 1630, 1687, 1752, 1549, 1582, 1621, 1598, 1621, 1585, 1652, 1633, 1570, 1631, 1594, 1662, 1621, 1702, 1661, 1679, 1630, 1687, 1635, 1712, 1679, 1681, 1689, 1702, 1695, 1748, 1644, 1717, 1679, 1695, 1695 and 1701 are included under the topic Early Cotton History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 305 words (22 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cotton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Cotton family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 61 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland, the Canadas, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Cotton surname or a spelling variation of the name include :

Cotton Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Robert Cotton, who arrived in Virginia in 1607
  • Robert Cotton, who arrived in Jamestown, Va in 1607
  • Seaborn Cotton, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1633
  • John and Sara Cotton who settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1633
  • John Cotton, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1633


Cotton Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Robt Cotton, who arrived in Virginia in 1721
  • Joseph Cotton, who landed in Virginia in 1735
  • Nathaniel Cotton, who arrived in Florida in 1768
  • Henry Cotton, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1777

Cotton Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Charles Cotton, aged 23, arrived in New York in 1812
  • Tomas Cotton, who landed in Puerto Rico in 1816
  • Timothy Cotton, who arrived in New York, NY in 1817
  • Claudius Cotton, aged 25, arrived in Missouri in 1842
  • J S Cotton, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850


Cotton Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century


  • Henry Cotton, who settled in Renewes, Newfoundland, in 1675

Cotton Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century


  • Leonard Cotton, who arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1749-1752

Cotton Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century


  • Michael Cotton, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1842

Cotton Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • Joseph Cotton arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Ramillies" in 1849
  • Benjamin Cotton, aged 21, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Ascendant"
  • Benjamin Cotton, aged 21, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "The Ascendant" in 1851
  • Winifred Cotton, aged 25, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "The Ascendant" in 1851
  • Mary Cotton, aged 1, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "The Ascendant" in 1851


Cotton Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • George Cotton, aged 29, a servant, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Indus" in 1843
  • Jemima Cotton, aged 28, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Indus" in 1843
  • Edward Cotton, aged 35, a shoemaker, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Hurunui" in 1877

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  • Frank Albert Cotton (1930-2007), American chemist awarded the U.S. National Medal of Science in 1982, the Wolf Prize in 2000; and the Priestley Medal in 1998 along with twenty-nine honorary doctorates
  • Joseph Cheshire Cotton (1905-1994), award-winning American actor of stage and film
  • Mr. A. Cotton (d. 1912), aged 26, English Trimmer from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking
  • Arthur Witty Cotton (1878-1969), Spanish-born, English footballer, club president and businessman
  • Sir Thomas Henry Cotton (1907-1987), English golfer
  • George Edward Lynch Cotton (1813-1866), English teacher and bishop
  • Darryl Cotton (1949-2012), Australian pop singer, television presenter and actor
  • Paul Cotton (b. 1930), New Zealand's non-resident High Commissioner to Tonga from 1975-76
  • Sir Henry Thomas Cotton KCMG (1907-1987), English professional golfer known for winning three Open Championships
  • Sir Charles Andrew Cotton (1885-1970), New Zealand geologist

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  • The Cottons of Catahoula and Related Families by William Davis Cotton.
  • The English Ancestry of Rev. John Cotton of Boston by H. G. Somerby.
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: In utraque fortuna paratus
Motto Translation: Prepared for either good or bad fortune.

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  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Other References

  1. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  2. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
  3. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  4. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  5. Bardsley, C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6).
  6. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  7. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  8. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  9. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  10. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  11. ...

The Cotton Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Cotton Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 19 April 2016 at 10:37.

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