Cotton History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The name Cotton is of Anglo-Saxon origin and came from when a family lived in one of a number of similarly named settlements throughout England. Coton is found in Cambridgeshire, while Cotton was in Cheshire. There are places called Coatham in Durham and the North Riding of Yorkshire. Cotham is in Nottinghamshire. Settlements named Cottam exist in both Nottinghamshire and the East Riding of Yorkshire. All of these names stem from the Old English phrase æt cotum, which means at the cottages. Thus, the surname Cotton belongs to the class of topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees.

Early Origins of the Cotton family

The surname Cotton was first found in Huntingdonshire where the Cotton spelling is listed in the Domesday Book as resident of the Toseland hundred, in the land of the Bishop of Lincoln. [1] They were traditional Lords of the manor of Connington. The Coton spelling boasts no fewer than seven listing in the Domesday Book in various counties. The first record of the name was found in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 where Robert de Cottone was listed in Cambridgeshire. The same rolls also listed Richard de Cottoune in the same shire, Ralph de Cotun in Northumberland and Richard de Cotton in Norfolk. [2] The parish of Denton in Huntingdonshire was the family seat of the family in later years. "The church [of Denton] was partly rebuilt about 1665, by Sir John Cotton. Sir Robert Bruce Cotton, whose manuscripts are now in the British Museum, was born here in 1570." [3] Over in Steeple Gidding another record of the family was found. "Here was a large mansion, the residence of the Cotton family; the avenue to it still remains, and some of the existing cottages are built of the materials which formed the stables." [3]

Important Dates for the Cotton family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cotton research. Another 219 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1630, 1687, 1752, 1549, 1582, 1621, 1598, 1621, 1585, 1652, 1633, 1570, 1631, 1594, 1662, 1621, 1702, 1661, 1679, 1630, 1687, 1635, 1712, 1679, 1681, 1689, 1702, 1695, 1748, 1644, 1717, 1679, 1695, 1695 and 1701 are included under the topic Early Cotton History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cotton Spelling Variations

Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Cotton family name include Cotton, Coton, Cotten, Coten, Cottan, Kotton, Kotten, Koten, Kottan, Cottun, Cotun, Kotun, Kottun, Cottune, Cotune, Cottane, Cottain, Kottain, Kottaun, Cottaun, Kuttune, Cottone, Cottaune and many more.

Early Notables of the Cotton family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Blessed Thomas Cottam (1549-1582), English Catholic priest and martyr; William Cotton (d. 1621), Bishop of Exeter, 1598 to 1621; John Cotton (1585-1652), English clergyman, American settler in 1633 and became one of the most important New England Puritan ministers; Sir Robert Bruce Cotton of Connington, 1st Baronet (1570-1631), English politician, founder of the Cotton or Cottonian library, an antiquarian and bibliophile, and was the basis of the British Library; Sir Thomas Cotton, 2nd Baronet...
Another 79 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cotton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Cotton family to Ireland

Some of the Cotton family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 36 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cotton migration to the United States

For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland, the Canadas, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Cotton surname or a spelling variation of the name include :

Cotton Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Robert Cotton, who arrived in Virginia in 1607
  • Robert Cotton, who arrived in Jamestown, Va in 1607 [4]
  • Seaborn Cotton, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1633 [4]
  • John and Sara Cotton who settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1633
  • John Cotton, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1633 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cotton Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Robert Cotton, who arrived in Virginia in 1721 [4]
  • Joseph Cotton, who landed in Virginia in 1735 [4]
  • Nathaniel Cotton, who arrived in Florida in 1768 [4]
  • Henry Cotton, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1777 [4]
Cotton Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Charles Cotton, aged 23, who arrived in New York in 1812 [4]
  • Tomas Cotton, who landed in Puerto Rico in 1816 [4]
  • Timothy Cotton, who arrived in New York, NY in 1817 [4]
  • Claudius Cotton, aged 25, who arrived in Missouri in 1842 [4]
  • J S Cotton, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Cotton migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Cotton Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
  • Henry Cotton, who settled in Renewes, Newfoundland, in 1675 [5]
Cotton Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Leonard Cotton, who arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
Cotton Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Michael Cotton, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1842
  • Mr. Thomas Cotton, aged 14 who immigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "James Moran" departing from the port of Liverpool, England but died on Grosse Isle in August 1847 [6]

Cotton migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Cotton Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Joseph Cotton, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Ramillies" in 1849 [7]
  • Benjamin Cotton, aged 21, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Ascendant" [8]
  • Benjamin Cotton, aged 21, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "The Ascendant" in 1851 [8]
  • Winifred Cotton, aged 25, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "The Ascendant" in 1851 [8]
  • Mary Cotton, aged 1, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "The Ascendant" in 1851 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Cotton migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Cotton Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Rev. W.Cotton, Australian settler travelling from Sydney, Australia aboard the ship "Bristolian" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand in 1842 [9]
  • George Cotton, aged 29, a servant, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Indus" in 1843
  • Jemima Cotton, aged 28, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Indus" in 1843
  • Mr. William Cotton, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Inchinnan" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 27th May 1852 [9]
  • Mrs. Margaret Cotton, (b. 1810), aged 43, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Egmont" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 23rd December 1853 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Cotton (post 1700)

  • Dorothy Cotton (1930-2018), American leader in the Civil Rights Movement from Goldsboro, North Carolina, member of Southern Christian Leadership Conference
  • John J. Cotton (1924-2016), American professional NBA basketball small forward
  • Frank Albert Cotton (1930-2007), American chemist awarded the U.S. National Medal of Science in 1982, the Wolf Prize in 2000; and the Priestley Medal in 1998 along with twenty-nine honorary doctorates
  • Joseph Cheshire Cotton (1905-1994), award-winning American actor of stage and film [10]
  • Delos J. Cotton (b. 1900), American politician, Representative from New York, 1900 (28th District), 1910 (31st District)
  • Charles Henry Cotton (1845-1938), American Republican politician, Served in the Union Army during the Civil War; Member of New York State Assembly from Kings County 4th District, 1899-1902, 1905; Defeated, 1902
  • Charles E. Cotton, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from District of Columbia, 2000
  • Charles Camp Cotton, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from New Jersey, 1940; Chair of Gloucester County Democratic Party, 1945
  • Aylett Rains Cotton Jr. (1874-1965), American Republican politician, Superior court judge in California, 1947-50; Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from California, 1956, 1960
  • Aylett Rains Cotton (1826-1912), American Republican politician, Went to California for the 1849 Gold Rush; Clinton County Judge, 1851-53; Clinton County Prosecuting Attorney, 1854; Mayor of Lyons, Iowa, 1855-57; Delegate to Iowa State Constitutional Convention 23rd District, 1857;
  • ... (Another 49 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Cotton family

HMS Hood
  • Mr. Lewis A Cotton (b. 1918), English Stoker 2nd Class serving for the Royal Navy from West Gorton, Manchester, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [11]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. A. Cotton (d. 1912), aged 26, English Trimmer from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [12]

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Citations

  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  6. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 21)
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) RAMILIES 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Ramillies.htm
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The ASCENDANT 1851. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1851Ascendant.htm
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ Joseph Cotton. (Retrieved 2011, January 21) Joseph Cotton. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Cotten
  11. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  12. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
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