Congleton History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
Congleton is a name of ancient Anglo-Saxon origin and comes from the family once having lived in the town and civil parish of Congleton in the county of Cheshire. The surname Congleton belongs to the large category of Anglo-Saxon habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.
Early Origins of the Congleton family
The surname Congleton was first found in Cheshire where Congleton dates back to before the Domesday Book where it was listed as Cogeltone, land held by Bigod. At that time,there was land enough for four ploughs, and was worth four shillings. 
By the 13th century, the place was often spelt Congulton and is probably derived from the Old English words cung + hyll + tun, which literally meant "farmstead at the round-topped hill."  Baron Congleton, of Congleton in the County Palatine of Chester, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom created for Sir Henry Parnell, 4th Baronet but bears no relationship to the surname's origin other than both share the same ancestral home. Today Congleton has a population of over 25,000.
Alternatively, the name could have originated in "the old barony of Congalton, in the parish of Dirleton, East Lothian, Scotland. The family, however, may have come from Congilton in Cheshire and given that name to their new possession." 
Some of the first records of the family were found here, specifically Robert de Congaltoun, who witnessed a charter of Richard de Morville, Constable of Scotland, circa 1162. Later, Walter de Congilton witnessed an agreement between the Abbey of Neubotel and John de Morham c. 1214 and also witnessed a charter of Dryburgh Abbey, c. 1224. Wautier de Congeltone and Mabille de Cungiltone, both of the county of Edneburke, rendered homage to King Edward I in 1296. 
Early History of the Congleton family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Congleton research. Another 171 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1477, 1430, 1424, 1506 and 1548 are included under the topic Early Congleton History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Congleton Spelling Variations
Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Congleton family name include Congleton, Congalton, Congilton and others.
Early Notables of the Congleton family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Congleton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Congleton migration to the United States +
For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland, Canada, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Congleton surname or a spelling variation of the name include:
Congleton Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- James Congleton who settled in St. Christopher in 1716
Congleton Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- Frederick Congleton, who landed in America, in 1903
- Edward F. Congleton, aged 32, who landed in America, in 1905
- Robert Swift Congleton, aged 22, who immigrated to the United States from Sydney, Australia, in 1911
- Isabel Congleton, aged 24, who immigrated to the United States, in 1911
- Isabel Mildred Congleton, aged 24, who immigrated to New York, in 1914
- ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Contemporary Notables of the name Congleton (post 1700) +
- Jerome T. Congleton (1876-1936), American politician, Mayor of Newark, New Jersey (1928 to 1933)
- John Congleton (b. 1977), American Grammy-nominated producer, engineer and mixer
Related Stories +
- ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
- ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)