Clough History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The distinguished surname Clough is of ancient Anglo-Saxon origin. It is derived from the Old English "cloh," meaning "ravine" or "steep-sided valley," and was first used to refer to a "dweller in the hollow." [1]

Early Origins of the Clough family

The surname Clough was first found in Denbighshire, where the most prominent branch of the family held a family seat from the 13th century. [2]

"The Cloughs of Plas Clough [Denbighshire] claim a Norman origin, from the Seigneurs de Rohan, and appeal to their name and arms for proof." [3]

By the 14th century the name was scattered throughout ancient Britain. The Lay Subsidy Rolls of 1332 listed Alicia del Clogh and Robert del Clogn in Lancashire. Later the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 listed Thomas del Clogh and Henricus de Cloghe. [4]

Exploring this last entry for Yorkshire, "the Cloughs belonged to an old gentle family of Thorp Stapleton, a member of which was a justice of the peace in the reign of James I. [Crabley] Clough is a West Riding hamlet." [5]

Early History of the Clough family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Clough research. Another 143 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1270, 1570, 1730 and 1570 are included under the topic Early Clough History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Clough Spelling Variations

Multitudes of spelling variations are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Clough, Cluf, Cluffe, Cluff, Cloughe, Clow, De Clue and many more.

Early Notables of the Clough family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Richard Clough (d. 1570), Welsh "merchant and factor for Sir Thomas Gresham, came of a family which had been long seated in North Wales. His father, Richard Clough, was of...
Another 37 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Clough Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Clough Ranking

In the United States, the name Clough is the 3,405th most popular surname with an estimated 9,948 people with that name. [6]


United States Clough migration to the United States +

Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland, North America, and Australia in enormous numbers, traveling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Clough or a variant listed above:

Clough Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Humphrey Clough, who landed in Virginia in 1622 [7]
  • Humphrey Clough, who arrived in Virginia in 1623
  • Richard Clough, who arrived in Salem, Massachusetts in 1630
  • Isaac Clough, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1642 [7]
  • John Clough, who landed in Salisbury, Massachusetts in 1642 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Clough Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • George Clough, who landed in Virginia in 1704 [7]
  • John Clough, who immigrated to Virginia in 1775
Clough Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • T B Clough, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [7]
  • A Clough, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851 [7]
  • Henry A Clough, who arrived in Colorado in 1869 [7]

Australia Clough migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Clough Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Miss Ann Clough, English convict who was convicted in Lancaster, Lancashire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Broxbournebury" in January 1814, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [8]
  • James Clough, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 17, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [9]
  • Mr. Robert Clough, English convict who was convicted in Lancaster, Lancashire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "David Lyon" on 29th April 1830, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [10]
  • Mr. Samuel Clough, English convict who was convicted in London, England for life, transported aboard the "David Lyon" on 29th April 1830, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [10]
  • Mr. John Clough, (Thomas, Cluff), (b. 1814), aged 19, English labourer who was convicted in Lancaster, Lancashire, England for 14 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Captain Cook" on 2nd May 1833, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, he died in 1873 [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Clough migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Clough Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William Clough, British labourer travelling from London aboard the ship "Victory " arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 17th October 1863 [12]
  • Abraham Clough, aged 28, a labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Collingwood" in 1875
  • Elizabeth Clough, aged 30, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Collingwood" in 1875
  • Frank Clough, aged 48, a labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Halcione" in 1875
  • Eliza Clough, aged 42, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Halcione" in 1875
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Clough (post 1700) +

  • Gerald Wayne Clough (b. 1941), American President Emeritus of the Georgia Institute of Technology, 12th Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution (2008-2017)
  • Sharyn Clough (b. 1965), American Professor of Philosophy at Oregon State University
  • Brenda W. Clough, American science fiction and fantasy writer
  • Edward H. Clough, American Republican politician, Postmaster at Manchester, New Hampshire, 1902-10 [13]
  • Dennis Clough, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Ohio, 2008 [13]
  • David Marston Clough (1846-1924), American Republican politician, Member of Minnesota State Senate, 1887-91; Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota, 1893-95; Governor of Minnesota, 1895-99 [13]
  • David M. Clough, American politician, Delegate to New Hampshire State Constitutional Convention from Canterbury, 1948 [13]
  • Darvin P. Clough, American Republican politician, Member of Wisconsin State Assembly from Walworth County, 1899-1900 [13]
  • Clarence A. Clough, American Republican politician, Mayor of Englewood, New Jersey, 1940 [13]
  • Charles I. Clough Jr., American Democratic Party politician, Presidential Elector for Massachusetts, 1972 [13]
  • ... (Another 38 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Leonard Clough, British Ordnance Artificer 4th Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [14]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Edward Hay Clough, American Gunner's Mate First Class from Nebraska, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [15]


The Clough Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Sine macula
Motto Translation: Without spot.


Suggested Readings for the name Clough +

  • Clauw, Klauw, Klaw, Claw, Clow, Clough, Clowe: A Holland Dutch Name of the Upper Hudson Valley by Wilson Ober Clough.

  1. ^ Arthur, William , An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. London: 1857. Print
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  4. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  5. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  6. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  7. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  8. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 3rd November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/broxbournebury
  9. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Albion voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/albion/1823
  10. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 3rd June 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/david-lyon
  11. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 17th December 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/captain-cook
  12. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  13. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 15) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  14. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  15. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html


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