Claytor History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Claytor came to England with the ancestors of the Claytor family in the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Claytor family lived in one of the many parishes by the name of Clayton in Staffordshire, Sussex, the West Riding of Yorkshire and Lancashire. Cloughton is a small village and civil parish in North Yorkshire.

Early Origins of the Claytor family

The surname Claytor was first found in Lancashire where the family "claim descent from one Robert, who came into England with the Conqueror, and received Clayton in reward of his services." [1] For the most part, all villages derived their name from the Old English words "claeg" + "tun," collectively meaning "farmstead on clayey soil." [2] Many villages date back to the Domesday Book of 1086 and were listed with a variety of spellings: Claitone (three listings); Claitunea; and Claitone. [3] Another early listing of the surname was Jordan de Claiton who was listed in Yorkshire in 1191. [4] The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list: Sewal de Claton in Hertfordshire; Hamo de Cleyton in Buckinghamshire; and William de Cletone in Shropshire. The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 include: Willelmus de Clayton, of Clayton; Sara de Clayton; and Johannes de Clayton. [5] "Taunton Hall [in Knott Lanes, Lancashire], was the seat of the Claytons as early as the reign of Henry VI." [6]

Important Dates for the Claytor family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Claytor research. Another 129 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1632, 1689, 1677, 1684, 1685, 1676, 1665, 1676, 1612, 1693, 1629, 1707, 1693, 1773, 1693, 1705, 1612, 1629, 1707, 1706, 1692, 1702, 1695, 1758, 1695 and are included under the topic Early Claytor History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Claytor Spelling Variations

Multitudes of spelling variations are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Clayton, Claydon, Clawton, Claughton and others.

Early Notables of the Claytor family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir Richard Clayton of Adlington; William Clayton (1632-1689), English settler to America in 1677, acting Governor of the Pennsylvania Colony from 1684 to 1685; Richard Clayton (died 1676), English Canon, Oxford academic and administrator, Master of University College, Oxford (1665 to 1676); Sir Thomas Clayton (c 1612-1693), an English doctor, academic and politician; and Sir Robert Clayton (1629-1707) British merchant banker, politician and Lord Mayor of London. John Clayton (1693-1773), was an English-born botanist, born at Fulham in 1693. His father...
Another 87 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Claytor Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Claytor family to Ireland

Some of the Claytor family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 108 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Claytor migration to the United States

Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland, North America, and Australia in enormous numbers, traveling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Claytor or a variant listed above:

Claytor Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Edwin E. Claytor, aged 29, who immigrated to the United States, in 1913
  • Albert L. Claytor, aged 21, who immigrated to America, in 1919
  • Edwin Claytor, aged 36, who landed in America from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1919
  • Sterling Claytor, aged 22, who arrived at New York, in 1920

Contemporary Notables of the name Claytor (post 1700)

  • Gertrude Harris Boatwright Claytor (1888-1973), American poet
  • Robert Buckner Claytor (1922-1993), American railroad administrator
  • William Graham Claytor (1886-1971), American vice president of Appalachian Power Company
  • William Graham Claytor Jr. (1912-1994), American lawyer, naval officer, and railroad, transportation and defense administrator for the United States government

Citations

  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  3. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  4. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  5. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  6. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
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