Clayton History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

Clayton is an ancient Norman name that arrived in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Clayton family lived in one of the many parishes by the name of Clayton in Staffordshire, Sussex, the West Riding of Yorkshire and Lancashire. Cloughton is a small village and civil parish in North Yorkshire.

Early Origins of the Clayton family

The surname Clayton was first found in Lancashire where the family "claim descent from one Robert, who came into England with the Conqueror, and received Clayton in reward of his services." [1] For the most part, all villages derived their name from the Old English words "claeg" + "tun," collectively meaning "farmstead on clayey soil." [2] Many villages date back to the Domesday Book of 1086 and were listed with a variety of spellings: Claitone (three listings); Claitunea; and Claitone. [3] Another early listing of the surname was Jordan de Claiton who was listed in Yorkshire in 1191. [4] The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list: Sewal de Claton in Hertfordshire; Hamo de Cleyton in Buckinghamshire; and William de Cletone in Shropshire. The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 include: Willelmus de Clayton, of Clayton; Sara de Clayton; and Johannes de Clayton. [5] "Taunton Hall [in Knott Lanes, Lancashire], was the seat of the Claytons as early as the reign of Henry VI." [6]

Important Dates for the Clayton family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Clayton research. Another 129 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1632, 1689, 1677, 1684, 1685, 1676, 1665, 1676, 1612, 1693, 1629, 1707 and are included under the topic Early Clayton History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Clayton Spelling Variations

Endless spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Clayton, Claydon, Clawton, Claughton and others.

Early Notables of the Clayton family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir Richard Clayton of Adlington; William Clayton (1632-1689), English settler to America in 1677, acting Governor of the Pennsylvania Colony from 1684 to 1685; Richard Clayton (died 1676), English Canon...
Another 37 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Clayton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Clayton family to Ireland

Some of the Clayton family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 50 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Clayton migration to the United States

To escape the political and religious persecution within England at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Clayton or a variant listed above:

Clayton Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Barnaby Clayton, who settled in Massachusetts sometime between 1628 and 1629
  • Tho Clayton, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [7]
  • Richard Clayton who settled in Virginia in 1636
  • Richard Clayton, who arrived in Virginia in 1637 [7]
  • Thomas Clayton, who settled in Austin, Rhode Island, in 1650
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Clayton Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • William Clayton, who landed in New England in 1714 [7]
  • Francis Clayton, who arrived in Wilmington, North Carolina in 1790 [7]
Clayton Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Thomas B Clayton, aged 20, who arrived in New York in 1812 [7]
  • H Clayton, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851 [7]
  • F Clayton, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851 [7]

Clayton migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Clayton Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Clayton U.E. who settled in Carleton [Saint John City], New Brunswick c. 1783 [8]
  • Mr. John Clayton U.E. who settled in St. Andrews, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1783 [8]
  • Mr. Samuel Clayton U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1783 [8]
Clayton Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Isaac C Clayton, who arrived in Canada in 1841
  • John Clayton, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1841
  • T D Clayton, who landed in Victoria, British Columbia in 1862
  • William Clayton, who landed in Victoria, British Columbia in 1862
  • J Clayton, who landed in Victoria, British Columbia in 1862
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Clayton migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Clayton Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

Clayton migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Clayton Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • G I Clayton, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1838
  • G T Clayton, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1839
  • G T Clayton, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1840
  • Mr. Richard Clayton, Cornish settler travelling from Launceston aboard the ship "Marys" arriving in New Zealand in 1848 [13]
  • Miss Sarah Clayton, British settler travelling from Gravesend, UK aboard the ship "Bernica" en route to Otago via passenger disembarked at Nelson, South Island, New Zealand in December 1848 [13]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Clayton (post 1700)

  • Joe Clayton (1948-2018), American CEO of Dish Network and Sirius XM Holdings
  • John M. Clayton (1796-1856), American lawyer, U.S. senator from Delaware and U.S. Secretary of State
  • William L. Clayton (1880-1966), U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for economic affairs
  • Thomas Clayton (1777-1854), lawyer and U.S. senator from Delaware
  • Joshua Clayton (1744-1798), physician, governor and U.S. senator from Delaware
  • Henry De Lamar Clayton Jr. (1857-1929), US Congressman from Alabama
  • Henry DeLamar Clayton (1827-1889), Confederate officer and Alabama legislator
  • Bertram Tracy Clayton (1862-1918), U.S. congressmen and U.S. Army officer killed in World War I
  • Buck Clayton (1911-1991), American jazz trumpet player who was a leading member of Count Basie’s "Old Testament" orchestra
  • John Middleton Clayton (1796-1856), American statesman
  • ... (Another 15 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Clayton family

HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Alfred Stockdale Clayton (1918-1941), Australian Stoker from South Perth, Western Australia, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [14]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. William A Clayton (b. 1923), Australian Ordinary Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [15]
  • Mr. Stanley Clayton (b. 1921), English Wireman serving for the Royal Navy from Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [15]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Frederick Victor Clayton, British Telegraphist, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [16]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Kenneth B. Clayton, British Sub-Lieutenant with the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [17]
  • John W.J. Clayton, British Leading Stoker with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [17]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. William Clayton, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [18]
  • Mrs. Clayton, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [18]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Robert Roland Clayton, American Coxswain from California, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [19]

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Citations

  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  3. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  4. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  5. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  6. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  7. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  8. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  9. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Albion voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/albion/1823
  10. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1824 with 9 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1824
  11. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Argyle voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1831 with 251 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/argyle/1831
  12. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1835 with 132 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1835
  13. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  14. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  15. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  16. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  17. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  18. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  19. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
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