The Norman Conquest
in 1066 brought much change to the island nation, including many immigrants with new names. Among these immigrants were the ancestors of the Claydand family, who lived in one of the many parishes by the name of Clayton in Staffordshire
, the West Riding of Yorkshire
. Cloughton is a small village and civil parish in North Yorkshire
Early Origins of the Claydand family
The surname Claydand was first found in Lancashire
where the family "claim descent from one Robert, who came into England
with the Conqueror, and received Clayton in reward of his services." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
For the most part, all villages derived their name from the Old English words "claeg" + "tun," collectively meaning "farmstead on clayey soil." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
Many villages date back to the Domesday Book
of 1086 and were listed with a variety of spellings: Claitone (three listings); Claitunea; and Claitone. CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
Another early listing of the surname was Jordan de Claiton who was listed in Yorkshire
in 1191. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
The Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273 list: Sewal de Claton in Hertfordshire; Hamo de Cleyton in Buckinghamshire; and William de Cletone in Shropshire
. The Yorkshire Poll Tax
Rolls of 1379 include: Willelmus de Clayton, of Clayton; Sara de Clayton; and Johannes de Clayton. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
"Taunton Hall [in Knott Lanes, Lancashire], was the seat of the Claytons as early as the reign of Henry VI." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Claydand family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Claydand research.Another 245 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1632, 1689, 1677, 1684, 1685, 1676, 1665, 1676, 1612, 1693, 1629, 1707 and are included under the topic Early Claydand History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Claydand Spelling Variations
Before the last few hundred
years the English language had no fixed system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations
occurred commonly in Anglo Norman surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Claydand were recorded, including Clayton, Claydon, Clawton, Claughton and others.
Early Notables of the Claydand family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir Richard Clayton of Adlington; William Clayton (1632-1689), English settler to America in 1677, acting Governor of the Pennsylvania Colony from 1684 to 1685; Richard Clayton (died 1676), English Canon... Another 37 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Claydand Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Claydand family to Ireland
Some of the Claydand family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 113 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Claydand family to the New World and Oceana
The unstable environment in England
at this time caused numerous families to board ships and leave in search of opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad in places like Ireland
, and particularly the New World. The voyage was extremely difficult, however, and only taken at great expense. The cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels caused many to arrive diseased and starving, not to mention destitute from the enormous cost. Still opportunity in the emerging nations of Canada and the United States was far greater than at home and many went on to make important contributions to the cultures of their adopted countries. An examination of many early immigration records reveals that people bearing the name Claydand arrived in North America very early: Barnaby Clayton, who came to Massachusetts sometime between 1628 and 1629; Richard Clayton who settled in Virginia in 1636; Thomas Clayton settled in Austin, Rhode Island, in 1650.
The Claydand Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Probitatum quam divitias
Motto Translation: Probity rather than riches.