Chitwynd History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The ancient roots of the Chitwynd family name are in the Anglo-Saxon culture. The name Chitwynd comes from when the family lived in Salop (now Shropshire) where they derived their family name from the parish of Chetwynde. The place-name is derived from the Old English compound word which means "dweller at the winding ascent." 
Early Origins of the Chitwynd family
The surname Chitwynd was first found in Shropshire at Chetwynd, a rural civil parish just to the north of Newport.   The original Chetwynd manor dates back to Saxon times and was held by Leofric, Earl of Mercia, about 1050.
While there is no doubt of the family's Saxon heritage, we must consider the Norman Chetwynd or De Verlai, from Verlai, Normandy. "In 1086, Turold de Verlai held thirteen lordships in Salop from Earl Roger, of which Chetwynd appears to have been the chief. Robert his son was a Baron temp. Henry I., and before 1121 witnessed a charter in favour of Salop Abbey. He was living 1141, and was father of Robert de Verlai, who, with his father, gave Verlai Church, Normandy, to Essay Abbey, which grant was confirmed by Henry II. (not Henry I. as erroneously stated in Gallia Christiana, xi. 234, Instr.). The next in descent was Adam de Chetwynd, 1180-1203; and in his time the barony, consisting of two knights' fees, was placed by the Crown under the feudal suzerainty of the Fitz-Alans" 
The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 included: Adam de Chetewynde, Salop (Shropshire); and John de Chetewind, Salop.  And this noted author goes on to note that "the following entries practically prove that Chatwin is a variant of Chetwynd: Thomas Chetwen, or Chetwyn, 1511: Register of the University of Oxford; and Edward Chetwind, or 'Chetwine,' 1596. 
A search through other early rolls proved to be fruitful: Richard de Chetewynde was listed in the Assize Rolls for Staffordshire in 1268; William de Chetwynde was found in the Feet of Fines for Warwickshire in 1343; and William Chetwyn, Chetwynd was listed in Yorkshire in 1415. 
Early History of the Chitwynd family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chitwynd research. Another 143 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1318, 1676, 1638, 1584, 1586, 1633, 1693, 1643, 1702, 1689, 1695, 1701, 1702, 1717, 1678, 1736, 1680, 1767, 1684 and 1770 are included under the topic Early Chitwynd History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Chitwynd Spelling Variations
One relatively recent invention that did much to standardize English spelling was the printing press. However, before its invention even the most literate people recorded their names according to sound rather than spelling. The spelling variations under which the name Chitwynd has appeared include Chetwynd, Chetwyn, Chetwynde, Chetwin, Chitwyn and others.
Early Notables of the Chitwynd family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include Walter Chetwynd (died 1638), an English politician, Member of Parliament for Newcastle under Lyme (1584-1586); Walter Chetwynd FRS (1633-1693), of Ingestre Hall, an English antiquary and politician; and John Chetwynd (1643-1702), an English politician from Rudge, Shropshire, Member of Parliament for Stafford from 1689 to 1695, and again in 1701 and 1702...
Another 59 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Chitwynd Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Chitwynd family
At this time, the shores of the New World beckoned many English families that felt that the social climate in England was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. Thousands left England at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. A great portion of these settlers never survived the journey and even a greater number arrived sick, starving, and without a penny. The survivors, however, were often greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. These English settlers made significant contributions to those colonies that would eventually become the United States and Canada. An examination of early immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Chitwynd arrived in North America very early: Thomas Chetwin who settled in Jamaica in 1684.
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Probitas verus honos
Motto Translation: Probity is true honor.
- Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- Barber, Henry, British Family Names London: Elliot Stock, 62 Paternoster Row, 1894. Print.
- The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
- Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)