In ancient Anglo-Saxon England
, the ancestors of the Chetwine surname lived in Salop (now Shropshire) where they derived their family name from the parish of Chetwynde. The place-name is derived from the Old English compound word which means "dweller at the winding ascent." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
Early Origins of the Chetwine family
The surname Chetwine was first found in Shropshire
at Chetwynd, a rural civil parish just to the north of Newport. The original Chetwynd manor dates back to Saxon times and was held by Leofric, Earl of Mercia, about 1050. While there is no doubt of the family's Saxon heritage, we must consider the Norman "Chetwynd or De Verlai, from Verlai, Normandy." Continuing, "in 1086, Turold de Verlai held thirteen lordships in Salop from Earl Roger, of which Chetwynd appears to have been the chief. Robert his son was a Baron temp.
Henry I., and before 1121 witnessed a charter in favour of Salop Abbey." CITATION[CLOSE]
The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
Early History of the Chetwine family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chetwine research.Another 285 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1318, 1676, 1638, 1584, 1586, 1633, 1693, 1643, 1702, 1689, 1695, 1701, 1702, 1717, 1678, 1736, 1680, 1767, 1684 and 1770 are included under the topic Early Chetwine History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Chetwine Spelling Variations
It is only in the last few hundred
years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon
surnames like Chetwine are characterized by many spelling variations
. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Chetwine include: Chetwynd, Chetwyn, Chetwynde, Chetwin, Chitwyn and others.
Early Notables of the Chetwine family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include Walter Chetwynd (died 1638), an English politician, Member of Parliament for Newcastle under Lyme (1584-1586); Walter Chetwynd FRS
(1633-1693), of Ingestre Hall, an English antiquary and politician; and John Chetwynd (1643-1702), an English politician from Rudge, Shropshire
, Member of Parliament for Stafford from... Another 68 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Chetwine Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Chetwine family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Chetwine or a variant listed above: Thomas Chetwin who settled in Jamaica in 1684.
The Chetwine Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Probitas verus honos
Motto Translation: Probity is true honor.