Of all the Anglo-Saxon
names to come from Britain, Chetwen is one of the most ancient. The name is a result of the original family having lived in Salop (now Shropshire) where they derived their family name from the parish of Chetwynde. The place-name is derived from the Old English compound word which means "dweller at the winding ascent." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
Early Origins of the Chetwen family
The surname Chetwen was first found in Shropshire
at Chetwynd, a rural civil parish just to the north of Newport. The original Chetwynd manor dates back to Saxon times and was held by Leofric, Earl of Mercia, about 1050. While there is no doubt of the family's Saxon heritage, we must consider the Norman "Chetwynd or De Verlai, from Verlai, Normandy." Continuing, "in 1086, Turold de Verlai held thirteen lordships in Salop from Earl Roger, of which Chetwynd appears to have been the chief. Robert his son was a Baron temp.
Henry I., and before 1121 witnessed a charter in favour of Salop Abbey." CITATION[CLOSE]
The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
Early History of the Chetwen family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chetwen research.Another 285 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1318, 1676, 1638, 1584, 1586, 1633, 1693, 1643, 1702, 1689, 1695, 1701, 1702, 1717, 1678, 1736, 1680, 1767, 1684 and 1770 are included under the topic Early Chetwen History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Chetwen Spelling Variations
The first dictionaries that appeared in the last few hundred
years did much to standardize the English language. Before that time, spelling variations
in names were a common occurrence. The language was changing, incorporating pieces of other languages, and the spelling of names changed with it. Chetwen has been spelled many different ways, including Chetwynd, Chetwyn, Chetwynde, Chetwin, Chitwyn and others.
Early Notables of the Chetwen family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include Walter Chetwynd (died 1638), an English politician, Member of Parliament for Newcastle under Lyme (1584-1586); Walter Chetwynd FRS
(1633-1693), of Ingestre Hall, an English antiquary and politician; and John Chetwynd (1643-1702), an English politician from Rudge, Shropshire
, Member of Parliament for Stafford from... Another 68 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Chetwen Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Chetwen family to the New World and Oceana
Thousands of English families in this era began to emigrate the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. Although the passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe, those who made the voyage safely were rewarded with opportunities unavailable to them in their homeland. Research into passenger and immigration lists has revealed some of the very first Chetwens to arrive in North America: Thomas Chetwin who settled in Jamaica in 1684.
The Chetwen Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Probitas verus honos
Motto Translation: Probity is true honor.