Chetwen History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
Of all the Anglo-Saxon names to come from Britain, Chetwen is one of the most ancient. The name is a result of the original family having lived in Salop (now Shropshire) where they derived their family name from the parish of Chetwynde. The place-name is derived from the Old English compound word which means "dweller at the winding ascent." 
Early Origins of the Chetwen family
The surname Chetwen was first found in Shropshire at Chetwynd, a rural civil parish just to the north of Newport.   The original Chetwynd manor dates back to Saxon times and was held by Leofric, Earl of Mercia, about 1050.
While there is no doubt of the family's Saxon heritage, we must consider the Norman Chetwynd or De Verlai, from Verlai, Normandy. "In 1086, Turold de Verlai held thirteen lordships in Salop from Earl Roger, of which Chetwynd appears to have been the chief. Robert his son was a Baron temp. Henry I., and before 1121 witnessed a charter in favour of Salop Abbey. He was living 1141, and was father of Robert de Verlai, who, with his father, gave Verlai Church, Normandy, to Essay Abbey, which grant was confirmed by Henry II. (not Henry I. as erroneously stated in Gallia Christiana, xi. 234, Instr.). The next in descent was Adam de Chetwynd, 1180-1203; and in his time the barony, consisting of two knights' fees, was placed by the Crown under the feudal suzerainty of the Fitz-Alans" 
The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 included: Adam de Chetewynde, Salop (Shropshire); and John de Chetewind, Salop.  And this noted author goes on to note that "the following entries practically prove that Chatwin is a variant of Chetwynd: Thomas Chetwen, or Chetwyn, 1511: Register of the University of Oxford; and Edward Chetwind, or 'Chetwine,' 1596. 
A search through other early rolls proved to be fruitful: Richard de Chetewynde was listed in the Assize Rolls for Staffordshire in 1268; William de Chetwynde was found in the Feet of Fines for Warwickshire in 1343; and William Chetwyn, Chetwynd was listed in Yorkshire in 1415. 
Early History of the Chetwen family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chetwen research. Another 143 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1318, 1676, 1638, 1584, 1586, 1633, 1693, 1643, 1702, 1689, 1695, 1701, 1702, 1717, 1678, 1736, 1680, 1767, 1684 and 1770 are included under the topic Early Chetwen History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Chetwen Spelling Variations
The first dictionaries that appeared in the last few hundred years did much to standardize the English language. Before that time, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. The language was changing, incorporating pieces of other languages, and the spelling of names changed with it. Chetwen has been spelled many different ways, including Chetwynd, Chetwyn, Chetwynde, Chetwin, Chitwyn and others.
Early Notables of the Chetwen family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include Walter Chetwynd (died 1638), an English politician, Member of Parliament for Newcastle under Lyme (1584-1586); Walter Chetwynd FRS (1633-1693), of Ingestre Hall, an English antiquary and politician; and John Chetwynd (1643-1702), an English politician from Rudge, Shropshire, Member of Parliament for Stafford from 1689 to 1695, and again in 1701 and 1702...
Migration of the Chetwen family
Thousands of English families in this era began to emigrate the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. Although the passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe, those who made the voyage safely were rewarded with opportunities unavailable to them in their homeland. Research into passenger and immigration lists has revealed some of the very first Chetwens to arrive in North America: Thomas Chetwin who settled in Jamaica in 1684.
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Probitas verus honos
Motto Translation: Probity is true honor.